Heteropneustes fossilis   (Bloch,  1794) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyright: Raghavan, P.R.

Size: 30 cm TL.

Color: Leaden above, lighter below.

Body elongate with head depressed. Occipital process not extending to base of dorsal fin. 4 well developed pair of barbels. Pectoral fin with a strong spine serrated along its inner edge. Anal fin long, separated by a distinct notch in caudal fin.

Oviparous, distinct pairing possibly like other members of the same family. Dioecious, external fertilization, guarders, nesters.
Eggs are deposited in a depression usually excavated by both parents in mud, in shallow water. Parents guard the eggs and young until they can fend for themselves which lasts for about one month.

Synonym (s)
Clarisilurus kemratensis Fowler, 1937
Heteropneustes fossilis Regan, 1907
Heteropneustes microps Misra, 1976
Saccobranchus fossilis Jerdon, 1849
Saccobranchus microcephalus Gunther, 1864
Saccobranchus microps Gunther, 1864
Saccobranchus singio Valenciennes, 1840
Silurus biserratus Swainson, 1939
Silurus fossilis Bloch, 1797
Silurus fossilis Bloch, 1798
Silurus laticeps Swainson, 1939
Silurus singio Hamilton, 1822
Clarisilurus kemratensis (non Fowler, 1937)
(Misapplied name)
Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch, 1794)
(Senior synonym)
Heteropneustes microps (non G√ľnther, 1864)
(Misapplied name)
Saccobranchus fossilis (Bloch, 1794)
(Senior synonym)
Saccobranchus microcephalus Gunther, 1864
(Junior synonym)
Saccobranchus microps (non Gunther, 1864)
(Misapplied name)
Saccobranchus singio (Hamilton, 1822)
(Junior synonym)
Silurus biserratus Swainson, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Silurus fossilis Bloch, 1794
(Senior synonym)
Silurus laticeps Swainson, 1838
(Junior synonym)
Silurus singio Hamilton, 1822
(Junior synonym)
Silurus fossilis Bloch, 1794
Silurus laticeps Swainson, 1838

Common Name (s)
• Sheen Ee
• Singi (Assamese)
• Singhi (Bengali)
• Stinging Catfish (English)
• Kha Singhi (English)
• Bitchuka Machi (Marathi)
• Hunga (Sinhala)
• Kaha Hunga (Sinhala)
• Singhi (Gujarati)
• Bitchu (Hindi)
• Kamacha Singhi (Hindi)
• Singhi (Hindi)
• Chaelu (Kannada)
• Kappathede (Kannada)
• Kappershode (Kannada)
• Seruva (Kannada)
• Sinimeen (Kannada)
• Khasinghi (Khasi)
• Kaari (Malayalam)
• Kadu (Malayalam)
• Kaduku Meen (Malayalam)
• Kahree Meen (Malayalam)
• Kahrimeen (Malayalam)
• Kari (Malayalam)
• Moyya (Malayalam)
• Ngachik (Manipuri)
• Sheenee (Assamese)
• Singee (Assamese)
• Singee (Bengali)
• Singhi (Bengali)
• Shingi (Marathi)
• Singhi (Oriya)
• Lahoord (Punjabi)
• Noorie (Punjabi)
• Nullie (Punjabi)
• Thailimeen (Tamil)
• Thaylee (Tamil)
• Thelee (Tamil)
• Ingilayee (Telugu)
• Mapujella (Telugu)
• Marpulu (Telugu)
• Singhi
• Ngachik
• Singee
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(In great demand due to its medicinal value.)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Demersal, Estuarine


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi (Lat: 9.97) (Long: 76.23) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danoli INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, AGK (1999) Checklist: Fresh water fishes of India Occasional paper no. 175 ZSI, Kolkata 366 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Pandian, TJ and Koteeswaran, R (1999) Natural occurrence of monoploids and polyploids in the Indian catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis Current Science Indian Academy of Sciences 76(8) 1134-1137 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Karmakar, AK and Datta, AK (1988) On a collection of fish from Bastar district, Madhya Pradesh Occasional paper no 98 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 18264 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Johnsingh, AJT (2001) The Kalakad-Mundanthurai tiger reserve: A global heritage of biological diversity Current Science Indian Acadamy of Sciences 80(3) 378-388 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Job, TJ; David, A; Das, KN (1955) Fish and fisheries of the Mahanadi in relation to the Hirakud dam Indian Journal of Fisheries The Editorial Committee, India Journal of Fisheries for the Minister of Food and Agriculture Government of India 2(1) 1-36 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kosygin, L; Devi, LS; Dhamendra, H (2010) Fish and Fisheries of Iril river, Manipur, with a note on conservation strategies for threatened species Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 85-92 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarkar, UK; Kapoor, D; Paul, SK; Pathar, Ak; Basheer, VS; Deepak, PK; Srivastava, SM and Tyagi, LK (2007) Fish Biodiversity in the water bodies of samaspur bird sanctuary Uttar Pradesh: towards developing a freshwater aquatic sanctuary Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(1) 51-54 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-01

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