Heniochus singularius   Smith & Radcliffe,  1911 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 24.5-30 cm.

Color: In old specimens a narrow whitish band from interorbital, widening while descending downwards to chin, front part of snout before it black, top of lips white, parallel with first descends a similar pale band from top of head, touching hind border of eye and strongly broadening reaches chest; between first and second pale band a black ocular band, form anterior spinous dorsal descends a blackish band, much broadening to ventral and ventrally continued to base of spinous anal, from spinous dorsal descends an anteriorly ill defined oblique black band to peduncle of caudal including anal, it may be connected in a shadowy form with the thoracal black band and gives the sides of the body a nearly black hue, posterior half of spinous and soft dorsal, caudal and rayed part of anal pearly colored.

Compressed, trapeziform, similar to H. varius, head 3-3.5 in length, small, snout in adult blunt with swollen lips, conical, rostro-dorsal contour obliquely ascending in a nearly straight line till median osseous nuchal tubercle of not more than half diameter of eye, interorbital space swollen with a horizontal, outwards directed, rather small osseous spine above each eye, profile above median tubercle till dorsal strongly rounded. eye 3.4-4, about equal to interorbital space. Fourth dorsal spine longer than head, about 2.2 in length. Otherwise similar to Heniochus varius. Juveniles closely resemble juvenile H. monoceros and H. acuminatus. The white ring around the mouth, the black instead of the yellow caudal fin and the complete ocular band distinguishes it from H. acuminatus at all sizes. Adults have black-centered scales in the main white band, juveniles have long banners. Has mostly black face.

External fertilization, Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Heniochus singularius Ahl, 1923
Heniochus singularius Herre and Montalban, 1927
Heniochus singularius Fowler and Bean, 1929
Heniochus singularius Herre, 1931

Common Name (s)
• Singular Bannerfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Trophic Level:  secondary consumers
Prey:  Feed on coral polyps.


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
  • (1994) The effect of artificial reef installation on the biosocioeconomics of small scale fisheries in Ranong province, Thailand Bay of Bengal Programme Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2010-04-26

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