Pluvialis squatarola   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Charadriidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: 27-30 cm; Length 28-31 cm

Color: Brownish grey mottled white or buff above, rump white; below white mottled grey or buff; chest dusky buff; dark ear coverts; diffuse dark eyeline; pale superciliary stripe; black axilaries diagnostic in all plumages. Breeding adult with face and underparts to belly black, broadly bordered all around from forehead down sides of neck and flanks white; crissum white. Immature like non-breeding adult, but browner above mottled with pale gold. Bare parts: iris dark brown; bill black; feet and legs grey.

Voice: Shrill chee-woo-ee.

Habits: Gregarious, generally in flocks of 15-20, but sometimes very large flock(s) seen, swift flier, very wary and thus difficult to approach, occurs in company of other waders. Arrives in NW India by early August and departs by April, though rare vagrants may be seen round the year.

Sexes alike. Non-breeding (winter): Forehead and lores white speckled with black, sides of head and neck white streaked with brown, rump, uppertail-coverts and tail white narrowly barred with brown remaining upperparts dark brown, conspicuously scalloped with pale brownish-grey. Foreneck, breast and flanks streaked and spotted with brown, remaining underparts white. Breeding (summer): Upperparts mottled black and silver-grey, chin to middle of abdomen black, lower abdomen and under tail-coverts white. In flight a large black oval patch (axillaries) conspicuous in both summer and winter. In flight a large black oval patch (axillaries) conspicuous in both summer and winter.


Synonym (s)
Trnga squqterola Linnaeus, 1758

Common Name (s)
• Blackbellied Plover (English)
• Grey Plover (English)
• Black-bellied Plover (English)
• Bada batan (Hindi)
• Batana titodi, Moti batan (Gujrati)
• Anathalai ullan (Tamil)
• Chara plover (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Carnivorous (molluscs, crustaceans, insects), rarely seeds of marsh plants.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• BANGLADESH
• SRI LANKA
• MALDIVES
• Goa, Morjim beach INDIA (Record: 12/09/1982)
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Ashvem beach INDIA
• Goa, Agarwaddo marshes INDIA
• Goa, Chapora estuary INDIA
• Goa, Nerul INDIA
• Goa, Panaji saltpans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA (Record: 08/1986-07/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai, Pallikaranai Wetlands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Point Calimere (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Gujarat, Bet Dwarka INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Tikader, BK (1984) Birds of Andaman and Nicobar Island ZSI, Kolkata 1-167 Available at - NCL, Pune
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Page last updated on:2012-07-11

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