Hemitaurichthys zoster   (Bennett,  1831) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 15-18 cm.

Color: Readily identified by the black body with a broad white band and white tail.

Strongly compressed, orbicular to elliptical, dorsal outline more convex than ventral, rostro-dorsal profile concave above snout thence in a steep, slightly convex line ascending till dorsal, height 1.5-1.6, head 3-3.4 in length, somewhat shorter than hight. Eye about midway in head, situated about in horizontal through commencement of gape of mouth, 3-3.2 in head, shorter than snout and about equal to strongly convex interorbital space. Snout pointed, thrice or less in head, mouth terminal, nearly horizontal, small with short, brushlike teeth. Preoperculum rectangular, weakly serrate at angel. Scales small, somewhat decreasing in size on head and caudal peduncle, minute on sheath of soft dorsal and anal, which is low on spinous dorsal, lateral line arched, continued on caudal peduncle and terminating at caudal. Spinous dorsal with incomplete membrane, about the distance of the three anterior spines longer than the rounded soft dorsal, middle spine strong, higher than the others, the last as high as anterior rays, anal likewise rounded, its third spine at most 1.5 in head. Pectorals about as long as head, first ray of acute ventrals longer, reaching anal, their spine about as long as head without snout. Caudal slightly convex, least height of its peduncle longer than eye. Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 24-26; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 21.

Oviparous, dioecious, external fertilization. Form pairs during breeding.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Chaetodon zoster Bennett, 1831
(Senior synonym)
Hemitaurichthys zoster (Bennett, 1831)
(Senior synonym)
Tetragonoptrus zoster (Bennett, 1831)
(Senior synonym)
Chaetodon polylepis Bleeker, 1857
Chaetodon zoster Gunther, 1860
Tetragonopterus polylepis Bleeker, 1865
Chaetodon zoster Peters, 1876
Hemitaurichthys polylepis Bleeker, 1878
Hemitaurichthys zoster Bleeker, 1878
Hemitaurichthys polylepis Ahl, 1923
Hemitaurichthys polylepis Fowler, 1923
Hemitaurichthys polylepis E. K. Jordan, 1925
Hemitaurichthys polylepis Herre and Montalban, 1927
Hemitaurichthys zoster Fowler, 1928
Hemitaurichthys zoster Fowler and Bean, 1929
Hemitaurichthys zoster Weber and de Beaufort, 1936
Hemitaurichtys zoster (Bennett, 1831)

Common Name (s)
• Brown and White Butterflyfish (English)
• Handupholimas (Mahl)
• Pakkikkadiya (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Feed on zooplankton and algae


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Outram Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Ohman, M; Rajasuriya, A and Olafsson, E (1997) Reef fish assemblages in north western Sri Lanka: Distribution patterns and influences of fishing practises Enviornmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 49 45-61
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Pereira, MAM and Videira, EJS (2005) Distribution and Community Structure of Butterflyfishes Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science WIOMSA 1 39-46 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Mark, SD and Jarvis, GE (2002) The impact of the 1998 coral mortality on reef fish communities in the Seychelles Marine Pollution Bulletin 44 309-321 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf
  • (2011) Animal discoveries 2010 Zoological Survey of India 1-107 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/right_menu/Animal_disc/Animal%20Discovery%202010.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-08-12

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