Parascorpaena picta   (Cuvier,  1829) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Shao, K.T.

Size: 16-17 cm.

Color: Brownish, marbled with darker. Indistinct oblique bands and markings on dorsal and anal. Caudal with a dark band at base and another broad one in the center and dark border narrowly edged with white. Indistinct bands on ventrals.

Head 2.3-2.5 in standard length, 2.9-3.1 in total length. Depth of body 2.6-2.8 in standard length, 3.2-3.5 in total length. Eye diameter 3.7-4.4 in head, equal to snout and 0.5-0.7 in concave interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to slightly behind a level from hind border of eye. Villiform teeth in jaws and vomer and a few on palatines. Spines on head consisting of a small spine on the inner side of each anterior nostril, supraorbital ridge with 3 spines, postorbital ridge of 3 spines with a depression between the anterior pair of spines, two supraopercular spines, forwardly directed preorbital spine and another at its base and a small spine above it, suborbital ridge with 3 or 4 blunt spines ending in a strong preopercular spine and 4 small spines below on preopercle border. Small filaments along lower border of preorbital, preopercular and opercular edges, a long denticulated supraorbital tentacle and small filaments on lateral line. Supraorbital tentacle sometimes small or even absent. Pectoral fin equal to or a little shorter than head without snout, its upper 5 or 6 rays divided. Ventral fin slightly shorter than pectoral. Scales cycloid.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII (XIII), 9-10; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 5; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 5-6, 9-10; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 40-46; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 6-7+1+15-18.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scorpaena picta Jones & Kumaran, 1980
Parascorpaena aurita (non Ruppell, 1838)
(Misapplied name)
Parascorpaena picta (Cuvier, 1829)
(Senior synonym)
Scorpaena picta Cuvier, 1829
(Senior synonym)
Parascorpaena aurita Smith, 1957
Parascorpaena bleekeri Jones and Kumaran, 1959
Parascorpaena picta Munro, 1955
Scorpaena bleekeri Day, 1878
Scorpaena haplodactylus Day, 1878
Scorpaena polyprion Bleeker, 1850
Scorpaena picta Cantor, 1850
Scorpaena picta Gunther, 1860
Scorpaena zanzibarensis Playfair, 1866
Scorpaena aplodactylus Day, 1875
Parascorpaena picta Bleeker, 1876
Scorpaena picta M. Weber, 1913
Scorpaena bleekeri Giltay, 1933
Parascorpaena picta Herre, 1952
Scorpaena picta Inger, 1957
Prascorpaena picta (Cuvier, 1829)

Common Name (s)
• Painted Sting Fish (English)
• Gauviha Mas (Mahl)
• Peychan (Malayalam)
• Painted Stingfish
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-08

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