Pempheris oualensis   Cuvier,  1831 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pempheridae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 18-20 cm.

Color: Body is dark brown on back, shading to coppery on sides, tip and leading edge of dorsal fin broadly black, caudal fin dark posteriorly, pectoral fin base black. Yellow eyes and pinkish pectoral fin.

Rostro-dorsal profile in its middle slightly convex, before and behind it more or less straight, ventral profile strongly convex from chin to ventrals, behind them less so, height 2.2-2.4 in length, 2.5-2.7 in length with caudal, head somewhat higher than long, 3.5-3.9 in length with caudal. Eye 2.2-2.6 in head, inter orbital space 1.4-1.6 in eye, according to length. Maxilla passing front border of pupil, 1.76 to twice in head. Distance of dorsal from tip of snout conspicuously less than height of body. Height of dorsal and length of pectorals about equal to length of head. First ray of ventrals somewhat longer or shorter than half length of head, its spine 1/5 shorter. Teeth in jaws, palatines and vomer conspicuous, outer series of inter maxillary and mandibulary ones strongest, the anterior mandibulary ones somewhat forward inclined, triangle of vomer anteriorly rounded. Dorsal spines (total): 6 - 6, Dorsal soft rays (total): 8 - 10, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 38-43.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Pempheris oualensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Pempheris oualensis Bleeker, 1851
Pempheris otaitensis Gunther, 1860
Pempheris otaitensis Kner, 1867
Pempheris mangula Gunther, 1875
Pempheris oualensis Bleeker, 1877
Pempheris oualensis Steindachner, 1906
Pempheris oualensis Jordan and Seale, 1906
Pempheris oualensis Snyder, 1912
Pempheris oualensis M. Weber, 1913
Pempheris oualensis Ogilby, 1913
Pempheris oualensis Herre, 1934
Pempheris oualensis Fowler, 1931
Pempheris oulensis Cuvier, 1831
(Misspelling)
Pempheris ovalensis Cuvier, 1831
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Silver Sweeper (English)
• Ammasabodi (Mahl)
• Ambatta (Malayalam)
• Kulakkathi (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans, mollusks, other small invertebrates and fishes
Predator:  Epinephelus hexagonatus

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-18

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