Platax teira   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Ephippidae

Image copyrights: CSIRO

Description
Size: 50-70 cm.

Color: Yellowish silvery or dusky, with a black (or dusky) bar through eye and another dark bar from dorsal-fin origin across rear edge of operculum and pectoral-fin base to belly, where it usually encloses a black blotch, with another smaller black vertical streak often present at origin of anal fin. Median fins dusky yellow, with black margins posteriorly. Pelvic fins yellow, dusky yellow or blackish.

Body orbicular and strongly compressed. The fronto-ventral profile evenly convex, when snout is closed the snout is closed the snout not forming a prominent angle. Height in adult equal to length, greater than length in young, head 3-4 in length. Eye 2.8 to 4 in length of head, according to age. Preorbital in all ages lower than diameter of eye. Mouth situated before or slightly below inferior border of eye. The 3 cusps of the teeth of about equal height and size. A few teeth on vomer, which are easily lost with age. About 50 scales in a horizontal line between operculum and base of caudal, about 60-65 in lateral line, 25-30 from top of arch lateral line to dorsal fin. Fifth dorsal spine more than twice to thrice higher than fourth in adult, as long as or longer than length of head. Soft dorsal and anal much produced or falcate in young, becoming shorter with growth, finally with a nearly vertical hind border. Caudal slightly emarginate. Pectorals somewhat rounded, equal to length of head or slightly shorter. Spine of ventrals of about same length, first ray in young produced, about as long as height of body, reaching far on soft anal, later on they are much reduced and finally not longer than head. Jaws with bands of slender, flattened, tricuspid teeth, the middle cusp slightly longer than lateral cusps. Vomer with a few teeth, but none on palatines. Five pores on each side of lower jaw. Preopercle smooth. Opercle without spines. Dorsal spines (total): 5 - 6, Dorsal soft rays (total): 28 - 37, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 22 - 28. Ocular band of adult specimens uniformly dark.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Chaetodon teira Forskal, 1775
Chaetodon teira Bloch, 1788
Chaetodon teira Lacepede, 1803
Chaetodon teira Shaw, 1803
Platax tetra Cuvier, 1817
Platax tetra Ruppell, 1828
Platax Gaimardi Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Platax teira Ruppell, 1837
Platax vespertilio japonicus Schlegel, 1850
Platax teira Bleeker, 1850
Platax teira Cantor, 1850
Platax boersii Bleeker, 1852
Platax anagon Montrouzier, 1856
Platax arthriticus Gunther, 1860
Platax teira Kner, 1867
Platax teira Playfair and Gunther, 1866
Platax teira Klunzinger, 1870
Platax teira Gunther, 1876
Platax teira Bleeker, 1877
Platax teira Day, 1888
Platax teira Macleay, 1881
Platax teira Klunzinger, 1884
Platax teira Perugia, 1889
Platax arthriticus Sauvage, 1891
Platax teira Pfeffer, 1893
Platax teira Jordan and Fowler, 1902
Platax teira Jordan and Seale, 1906
Platax teira Gilchrist and Thompson, 1908
Platax teira McCulloch, 1912
Platax teira M. Weber, 1913
Platax teira McCulloch, 1922
Platax teira Fowler and Bean, 1922
Platax teira Barnard, 1927
Platax teira Vinciguerra, 1926
Platax teira Fowler, 1928
Platax teira Duncker and Mohr, 1919
Chaetodon teira Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Platax orbicularis (non Forsskal, 1775)
(Misapplied name)
Platax teria Forsskal, 1775
(Misspelling)
Platax terra (Forsskal, 1775)
(Misspelling)
Platax tiera (Forsskal, 1775)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Longfin Spadefish (English)
• Long Finned Bat-fish (English)
• Teira Batfish (English)
• Gundolimas (Mahl)
• Long Finned Spade-fish (English)
• Vannathi meen
• Bat Fish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, aquarium. Marketed fresh or frozen, edible but not esteemed, Ornamental fish.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Nicobar Islands INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Kerala, Ayiramthengu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2011-12-13

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