Pomacentrus lividus   (Forster,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 36-160 mm.

Color: Light brown, some of the scales of head and body with a white spot. A dark spot at the base of posterior dorsal rays. Dorsal and anal brown basally, gradually becoming pale distally. Ventral greyish. Pectoral pale.

Head 2.8-3.3 in standard length, 3.7-4.2 in total length. Depth of body 2.1-2.3 in standard length, 2.6-2.7 in total length. Eye diameter 3.7-4.0 in head, 1.2-1.3 in snout and 1.2-1.4 in interorbital space. Mouth oblique. Maxillary reaching to below nostril. Teeth uniserial in jaws, truncate. Suborbital and posterior part of preorbital strongly denticulated. Hind margin of preopercle serrated. Suborbital scaly. Three rows of scales on preopercle, a broad inferior and hind edge naked. Scales on head not reaching nostrils. Preorbital depth equals eye diameter. Pectoral fin half length of eye diameter shorter than head. Ventral fin equal to or slightly longer than pectoral. Dorsal spines slightly increasing in length posteriorly, the last one equal to snout in large specimens, in smaller specimens equal to snout and eye together. The membranes between the spines not incised. Soft dorsal pointed, the longest rays equal to snout and eye in large specimens, in smaller specimens half length of snout shorter than head. First anal spine less than half length of second, which is about equal to longest dorsal spine. Dorsal and anal with a high scaly sheath. Pectorals with a scaly base, equal to head without snout in adults, half length of snout shorter than head in young ones. Ventrals with the first ray not or slightly produced, about as long as pectorals. Caudal forked, the lobes rounded.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII, 15-16; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 13; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 16-17; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 17-18+8-9; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+9.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Chaetodon lividus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Pomacentrus lividus de Beaufort, 1940
Pomacentrus punctatus Day, 1878
Pomacentrus punctatus Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Pomacentrus punctatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Chaetodon lividus Lichtenstein, 1844
Pomacentrus prosopotaenioides Bleeker, 1852
Pomacentrus punctatus Kner, 1865
Eupomacentrus lividus Bleeker, 1877
Pomacentrus lividus Gunther, 1881
Pomacentrus lividus Day, 1888
Pomacentrus lividus Sauvage, 1891
Pomacentrus punctatus Seale, 1901
Pomacentrus lividus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Pomacentrus lividus Montalban, 1927
Pomacentrus lividus Fowler and Bean, 1928
Pomacentrus lividus Fowler, 1928
Pomacentrus lividus Herre, 1936

Common Name (s)
• Kudikiruliya
• Padatham
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)



• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-11

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