Pomacentrus pavo   (Bloch,  1787) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 8.5-11.2 cm.

Color: Bluish green, lighter to yellowish below. Scales of head and those before dorsal each with a bluish yellow spot. A bluish yellow band from snout to upper border of eye and another below from upper lip to eye. Sometimes a few dark spots posterior to eye. A bluish black blotch superiorly on hind border of opercle. Scales on upper part of body often with brownish hind border. Dorsal and anal bluish brown with dark brown margin. Posterior rays of dorsal and anal lighter. Caudal pale to dusky. Ventral and pectoral hyaline, the base of latter often dusky.

Head 3.3-3.7 in standard length, 4.4-5.0 in total length. Depth of body 2.4-2.7 in standard length, 3.3-3.7 in total length. Eye diameter 2.8-3.3 in head, 0.6-0.7 in snout and about equal to interorbital space. Preorbital and suborbital without scales. Two rows of scales on preopercle and one on inferior limb. A deep notch between preorbital and suborbital. Suborbital strongly serrated. Preopercle serrated. Pectoral fin equal to or shorter than head. Ventral fin with the first ray produced, equal to or longer than head. Caudal fin lobes pointed, the upper longer than the lower.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XIII, 13-14; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 13; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 14-15; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 16-18+9-10; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+9.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Chaetodon pavo Bloch, 1787
(Senior synonym)
Holocentrus diacanthus Lacepede, 1802
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus caudovittatus Schmidt, 1931
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus furcatus Thiolliere, 1857
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus hainanensis Wang, 1941
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus notatus De Vis, 1884
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus pavoninus Bleeker, 1853
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus polynema Bleeker, 1853
(Junior synonym)
Pomacentrus suvarovensis Stead, 1907
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon pavo Bloch, 1787
Pomacentrus pavo de Beaufort, 1940
Pomacentrus pavo Lacepede, 1802
Pomacentrus caeruleus Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Pomacentrus pavo Ruppell, 1828
Pomacentrus pavo Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Pomacentrus pavo Schlegel and Muller, 1841
Pomacentrus pavo Bleeker, 1851
Pomacentrus pavo Gunther, 1862
Pomacentrus (Pomacentrus) pavo Bleeker, 1877
Pomacentrus pavo Klunzinger, 1871
Pomacentrus pavo Gunther, 1881
Pomacentrus caeruleus Sauvage, 1891
Pomacentrus pavo Jordan and Seale, 1906
Pomacentrus pavo Steindachiner, 1906
Pomacentrus pavo M. Weber, 1913
Pomacentrus melanochir de Beaufort, 1913
Pomacentrus pavo Barnard, 1927
Pomacentrus pavo Montalban, 1927
Pomacentrus pavo Fowler and Bean, 1928
Pomacentrus pavo Fowler, 1928
Pomacentrus pavo Herre, 1936

Common Name (s)
• Blue Damsel (English)
• Thathali (Mahl)
• Pachakkotti (Malayalam)
• Sapphire Damsel (English)
• Blue-band Demoiselle
• Green Choromis
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium. Used as bait in the tuna fishery; Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Feeds on zooplankton and filamentous algae
Predator:  Plectropomus leopardus (fish)


• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 01/1988-02/1988)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1988-02/1988)
• Lakshadweep, Cheriyapanniyam INDIA (Record: 01/1988-02/1988)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Perumal Par INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Parli INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Pillai, PP; Gopakumar, G and Said Koya, KP (2002) Spatial distribution pattern and biology of tuna live-bait fishes in Lakshadweep Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 231-236 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2005) Community organization of coral reef fishes in the rubble sub-habitat of Kavaratti Atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 47(1) 77-82 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopakumar, G; Pillai, PP and Koya, KPS (1991) Population characteristics of Tuna live baits in Laksahadweep Journal of marine biological association of India CMFRI, Kochi 33(1&2) 255-277 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1964) New records of fishes from the seas around India - Part I Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 6(2) 285-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1507/1/Jones_285-306.pdf
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Pillai, PP; Mohan, RSL; Murty, VS and Gopakumar, G (1989) Live-bait resources and development Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 39-45 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2004) Community organization of reef fishes in the live coral sub-habitat of Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 51(1) 87-95 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/150/1/IJF_51_no.1_%2C2004_-_12.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Reef Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-08

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