Priacanthus cruentatus [Status Unaccepted]   (Lacepede,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: World field guide

Size: 29 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens brownish above (red in live), lighter and silvery on the sides and belly. Soft dorsal, anal and caudal with darkish round spots, upper margin of spinous part of dorsal darkish.

Oblong. Height 2.7-2.8, 3.3-3.4 in length with caudal. Head 3-3.2, 3.6-3.7 in length with caudal. Eye 2.4-2.6. Snout (without the lower jaw) a little less than one third of head and slightly more than interorbital space. Mouth very oblique. Lower jaw prominent. Maxillary reaching a little farther back than frontborder of eye, its width at posterior extremity about one third of eye. Lower and upper border of praeorbital and posterior and inferior border of praeoperculum finely serrated. A strong flat serrated spine at praeopercular angle, one third to one fifth diameter of eye. Conical teeth in a few series in jaws, on vomer and palatines. Tongue smooth. Origin of dorsal in vertical through base of pectorals. First dorsal spine about half length of second. Fourth to tenth spine subequal, the last 1.6 to 2 times as long as second and about equal to diameter of eye. Longest soft rays not much longer than longest spines. Spines strongly spinulous, soft rays, with distant small spines. Origin of anal below seventh dorsal spine. Anal spines smooth, the third one slightly spinulous at tip, longer than the others and about equal to eye. Anal ending somewhat farther back than dorsal, both fins rounded behind. Pectorals shorter than eye and snout, ventrals reaching anal, as long as head without snout, their spine strongly spinulose. Caudal truncate or feebly rounded. Least height of caudal peduncle about twice in its length, about equal to snout (without lower jaw).

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Priacanthus macrophthalmus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Priacanthus carolinus Lesson, 1826
Labrus cruentatus Lacepede, 1802
Priacanthus carolinus Bleeker, 1851
Priacanthus boops Peters, 1855
Priacanthus macrophthalmus Gunther, 1859
Priacanthus carolinus Bleeker, 1876
Priacanthus carolinus Gunther, 1875
Priacanthus Schlegelii Hilgendorf, 1879
Priacanthus carolinus Sauvage, 1891
Priacanthus cruentatus Boulenger, 1895
Priacanthus cruentatus Jordan and Evermann, 1896
Priacanthus carolinus Jordan and Evermann, 1898
Priacanthus cruentatus Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Priacanthus cruentatus Steindachner, 1906
Priacanthus cruentatus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Priacanthus cruentatus Gilchrist and Thompson, 1908
Priacanthus cruentatus Weber and de Beaufort, 1929

Common Name (s)
• Lobodugini
• Glass Eye
Economic Importance and Threats



• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • World field guide Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-17

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