Psenes cyanophrys   Valenciennes,  1833 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Shao, KT

Size: 12-23 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens brown above. Sides of head, of body and of tail, and belly silvery. All scales with a brownish spot, forming narrow longitudinal bands. Spinous dorsal and ventrals blackish, soft dorsal and anal dusky. Caudal and pectorals yellowish.

Height 1.9, 2.4-2.5 in length with caudal. Head 2.7-3.1, 3.4-4 in length with caudal. Eye with a narrow adipose eyelid, 3-3.5, somewhat more than snout and less than very convex inter orbital space. Head scaly. Mouth very oblique. Maxillary not quite reaching to below front border of eye. Teeth pointed, somewhat curved, in single distant rows in both jaws. Dorsal spines weak, the first small, the median ones longest, equal to snout and eye. Tenth spine very small, eleventh spine close to rays, about equal to eye. First dorsal ray equal to snout and eye, following rays decreasing in length to the last which equals snout. Dorsal with a scaly sheath, forming a groove in which the spinous dorsal can disappear when laid down. Anal spines weak. anterior anal rays longest, equaling snout and half eye, following rays decreasing in length, the last one less than snout. Origin of anal below origin of soft dorsal. Anal with a scaly sheath. Pectorals somewhat pointed, equal to head. Ventrals depressible into a groove of the belly, their length equal to post orbital part of head. Caudal forked. Dorsal spines (total): 9 - 12; dorsal soft rays (total): 23 - 28; anal spines: 3; anal soft rays: 23 - 28; vertebrae: 31. Dark horizontal lines laterally.

Remarks : Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Cubiceps multiradiatus Gunther, 1872
(Junior Synonym)
Psenes auratus Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior Synonym)
Psenes chapmani Fowler, 1906
(Junior Synonym)
Psenes cyanophris Valenciennes, 1833
(Senior Synonym)
Psenes fuscus Guichenot, 1866
(Junior Synonym)
Psenes guamensis Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior Synonym)
Psenes javanicus Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior Synonym)
Psenes kamoharai Abe, Kojima & Kosakai, 1963
(Junior Synonym)
Psenes leucurus Valenciennes, 1833
(Junior Synonym)
Psenes pacificus Meek & Hildebrand, 1925
(Junior Synonym)
Psennes cyanophrys Valenciennes, 1833
(Senior Synonym)
Psenes javanicus Bleeker, 1857
Psenes javanicus Gunther, 1860
Cubiceps multiradiatus Gunther, 1871
Psenes javanicus Day, 1888
Psenes guamensis Gunther, 1876
Psenes cyanophrys Gunther, 1889
Psenes javanicus Sauvage, 1891
Psenes cyanophrys Tate Regan, 1902
Psenes cyanophrys McCulloch, 1919
Psenes cyanophrys M. Weber, 1913
Psenes cyanophrys Barnard, 1927
Psenes cyanophrys Fowler, 1928

Common Name (s)
• Ayla para (Malayalam)
• Kuluvel-chala (Malayalam)
• Fiyala Dari (Mahl)
• Frecked Driftfish
• Freckled Driftfish (English)
• Rreckled Driftfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Pelagic, Open Sea
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, zooplankton
Predator:  Fish (Alepisaurus ferox), sea birds (Anous stolidus, Sterna fuscata)


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 7.5) (Long: 70) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 1568-2715 mts)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 12) (Long: 75.5) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 1568-2715 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-03-10

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