Pseudamia gelatinosa   Smith,  1956 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Apogonidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Max. size: 11.0 cm TL

Color: Yellowish, with small dark spots on head; scales of body with small dark spots forming a series of somewhat longitudinal lines and larger spots irregularly arranged. A dark blotch at caudal peduncle near base of upper caudal rays. Spinous dorsal slightly dusky. Second dorsal, anal and caudal with dark specks. A diffuse dark blotch midway on upper side of caudal. Pectoral and ventral yellowish.

Head 2.6 in standard length, 3.3 in total length. Depth of body 4.1 in standard length, 5.3 in total length. Eye diameter 4 in head, equal to snout and 0.8 in interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below hind border of eye. Two or three series of fine teeth in jaws, one long inwardly directed canine on each side near symphysis in upper jaw and a pair of recurved canines on either side in lower jaw, the anterior one being a little shorter than the other. Teeth on vomer, palatines and pterygoid. None of the opercles serrated. Operculum and nape scaled. Lateral line with 20 scales, ending below second dorsal fin. Anterior nostril with a large flap posteriorly. Pectoral fin equal to postorbital length of head and half eye diameter. Ventral fin less than postorbital length of head. First dorsal fin spine shorter than second spine. Second dorsal and anal fin higher than first dorsal fin.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VI; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: I, 8; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 8; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 14; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 41; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 3+1+14.

Dioecious, external fertilization. Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Pseudamia amblyuroptera (non Bleeker, 1856)
(Misapplied name)
Pseudamia amblyuropterus (non Bleeker, 1856)
(Misapplied name)
Pseudamia gelatinosa Smith, 1956
(Senior synonym)
Pseudamia polystigma (non Bleeker, 1859-60)
(Misapplied name)
Pseudamia polystigma Smith, 1954
Pseudamia gelatinosa Smith, 1955

Common Name (s)
• Gelatinous Cardinalfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• SEYCHELLES
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Harris, SA; Cyrus, DP and Forbes, AT (1995) The larval fish assemblage at the mouth of the Kosi estuary, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa South African Journal of Marine Science 16 351-364 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1964) New records of fishes from the seas around India - Part I Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 6(2) 285-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1507/1/Jones_285-306.pdf
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-12

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