Pseudochromis tapeinosoma   Bleeker,  1853 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pseudochromidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 24-52 mm

Color: Head and body above and posteriorly dark brown in male with lower sides of head and body upto above middle of anal fin pale yellowish. Dorsal brownish; anal light brownish; caudal dark brown with outer edges yellowish; pectoral and ventral yellowish. Female light brownish on back, lighter below; fins pale yellowish.

Head 3.3-3.6 in standard length, 4.0-4.3 in total length. Depth of body 3.5-3.7 in standard length, 4.2-4.5 in total length. Eye diameter 3.3-3.6 in head, 0.6-0.7 in snout and 0.5-0.6 in interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below anterior third of eye. Teeth in jaws minute; outer series conical, anteriorly 3-4 upper and 2-3 lower caninoid. Vomer and palatines with minute teeth. Pectoral fin shorter than head without snout. Ventral fin equal to or slightly longer than postorbital length of head. Scales ctenoid, 33-35 in lateral series. Preoperculum with 3 rows of scales. Upper lateral line running obliquely upwards and then parallel to the base of dorsal fin and terminating below 17th or 18th ray. Lower lateral line median. All rays of dorsal and anal fins branched.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: II-III, 21-23; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II-III, 13-14; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 17-18; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 25-29+9-11; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+11-12; gill raker count: 4-5+1+7-9.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Pseudochromis melanotaenia Bleeker, 1863
(Junior synonym)
Pseudochromis tapeinosoma Bleeker, 1853
(Senior synonym)
Pseudochromis tapeinosoma Bleeker, 1853
Pseudochromis (Leptochromis) tapeinosoma Weber and de Beaufort, 1931
Pseudochromis tapienosoma Bleeker, 1853
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Dottyback
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1966) New records of fishes from the seas around India - Part IV Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 8(1) 163-180 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/999/1/Article_15.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-17

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