Pterois antennata   (Bloch,  1787) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 19-20 cm.

Color: Reddish to brick-red. The caudal, soft dorsal and anal fins yellowish with small scattered, dark spots. Pectoral bluish brown with large dark blotches. Ventral dark bluish brown. The tentacles above the eyes are characteristically banded in black and white.

It is moderately elongate and slightly compressed. Head 2.6 in standard length, 3.4 in total length. Depth of body 2.7 in standard length, 3.5 in total length. Profile of snout deeply notched. Head 3.2 in head, 0.8 in snout and about 0.6 in interorbital space. Maxillary reaching almost to below middle of eye. Villiform teeth in jaws and on vomer. One spine behind anterior nostril, supraorbital ridge with 2 spines, superior postorbital ridge with 3 spines, inferior postorbital ridge with 4 small spines and 2 larger spines, suborbital ridge with 5 spines, and 3 blunt preopercular spines. Seventh dorsal spine longest, slightly shorter than head; last two dorsal spines subequal, a little more than one eye diameter. Supraorbital tentacle with black lateral flaps, about 1¾ eye diameter in length. Anterior nostril with a flap and flaps at tip of snout, suborbital and lower edge of preoperculum. Longest rays of pectoral fin reaching beyond base of caudal fin. Ventral fin about half length of snout shorter than head. Predorsal scales reaching to hind border of eye; interorbital, snout, chin and margin of preopercle naked, rest of the head with small scales. The pectoral rays and dorsal fin spines are greatly extended and filamentous giving the fish an unmistakable, characteristic appearance. The dorsal spines are very sharp and poisonous.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XIII, 11; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 7; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 19; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 52; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 7+1+17.

Hides in crevices under rocks and coral formations during the day and hunts at night.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Pseudomonopterus antennatus (Bloch, 1787)
(Senior synonym)
Pteropterus antennata (Bloch, 1787)
(Senior synonym)
Scorpaena antennata Bloch, 1787
(Senior synonym)
Pterois antennata Smith, 1949
Pteropterus antennata Smith, 1957
Pterois antennata Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Pterois antennata Lesson, 1830
Pterois antennata Bleeker, 1853
Pterois antennata Gunther, 1860
Pseudomonopterus (Pterois) antennatus Bleeker, 1879
Pterois antennata Fowler, 1928
Pterois antennata Whitley, 1933
Pterois antennata Matsubara, 1943
Pterois antennata Herre, 1952

Common Name (s)
• Spotfin Lionfish (English)
• Ragged Finned Lion Fish (English)
• Ragged Finned Firefish (English)
• Banded Lionfish (English)
• Antennata Lion (English)
• Spotfish Lion Fish (English)
• Broadbarred Firefish (English)
• Rough Scaled Firefish (English)
• Scorpion Miles (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, aquarium
Venomous and capable of inflicting a painful sting.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Shrimps and crabs


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Gulf of Oman
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at -
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Thomas, S; Sreeram, MP; Kakati, VS; Manisseri, MK and George, RM (2011) Coral fish diversity in Netrani waters off Murudeshwar Karnataka, south India Indian journal of fisheries CMFRI 58(1) 45-51 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-05-11

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