Pterois russelli   Bennett,  1831 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 270 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens light yellowish, transversely striped with broader and narrower brown bands. A brown band from snout to occiput. Some of the bands on body continued on the narrow membranes of spinous dorsal. Soft dorsal, anal, and caudal hyaline, at most with a few dark spots, seldom the soft anal is spotted. Pectorals yellowish transverse rows of dark spots on the rays, the membrane of the median part of the fin often grey or bluish. Ventrals light with dark spots on the rays or darkish with light spots on the rays.

Height 2.7-3.2, 3.7-4.4 in length with caudal. Head 2.7-3.1, 3.7-4.2 in length with caudal. Eye 3.3-5, 1.4-1.9 in snout and more than very concave interorbital space. Mouth oblique. Maxillary reaching to below front border of eye in young, to below middle of eye in older specimens. Villiform teeth in jaws and on vomer, none on palatines. Interorbital space, occipital region, and sides of head covered with small cycloid scales. Nostrils rather close together, the anterior ones with a well developed flap, a spine behind anterior nostril not always distinct. Supra orbital ridge with two blunt spines, a filament before the first one. Interorbital space with two parallel ridges, connected behind by a transverse ridge in the form of a angle, the point of which is directed backwards, continued into the high superior postorbital ridges, which have two blunt spines. Suborbital ridge smooth or nearly so in young ones, in adult with a number of blunt spines, and ending on preopercular edge with a short spine. Two short spines below it on preopercular edge. Inferior postorbital ridge consisting of two short, compressed, separate spines. A small suprascapular spine. A flat opercular spine. First dorsal spine as long as snout, the 6th longest and as long as head, the 12th some what shorter than 13th, which is about as long as the first one. Soft dorsal rounded, the longest ray as long as head or half length of snout shorter. First anal spine shorter than second one, third one longest, as long as snout. Soft anal rounded, longest rays about as long as longest dorsal rays. Pectoral rays all simple, the first to third connected by membrane only at their base, the third to ninth connected by membrane only at their base, the their base, the third to ninth connected by membrane for more than half their length or less. In young specimens the longest pectoral rays far surpass the caudal, in older ones reaching on caudal. Ventrals as long as head in larger specimens, shorter than head in young ones. Caudal somewhat pointed. Scales cycloid.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Pterois miles Cantor, 1950
Pterois kodipungi Bleeker, 1852
Pterois kodipungi Gunther, 1860
Pterois Russellii Day, 1875
Pseudomonopterus (Pterois) kodipungi Bleeker, 1879
Pterois lunulata Fowler, 1903
Pterois miles Gilchrist and Thompson, 1908
Pterois kodipungi Barnard, 1927
Pterois russelli Chevey, 1932
Pterois russellii Fowler, 1934
Pterosis russellii Blegvad, 1944
Pterois russellii J. L. B. Smith, 1950
Pterois russelli Herre, 1952
Pterois russelli Munro, 1955

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-14

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