Abudefduf xanthozona   (Bleeker,  1853) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pomacentridae

Description
Size: 37-70 mm.

Color: Greyish brown with three or four transverse yellowish bands along sides. The first band at the hind border of operculum, the second below 5th-6th dorsal spines to before anal fin, the third from base of anterior dorsal rays to the base of median rays of anal and the fourth on caudal peduncle. Dorsal and anal brown. A dark blotch at base of the posterior rays of dorsal. Ventral brown. Caudal dusky brown basally and distally, creamy in the middle. Pectoral pale.

Head 3.3-3.5 in standard length, 4.2-4.6 in total length. Depth of body 2.4-2.7 in standard length, 3.0-3.4 in total length. Mouth somewhat oblique. Maxillary reaching to below front border of eye. Eye diameter 3.0-3.3 in head, more than snout and interorbital space. Two rows of teeth in jaws. Preorbital and suborbital naked. Three rows of scales on preopercle, flange naked. Pectoral fin shorter than head. Ventral fin as long as length of head. Scales on upper part of head covering interorbital space but not reaching to nostrils. Dorsal spines increasing in length to the fourth, which is subequal to the following and as long as snout and eye together. Membranes between the spines incised. 1 1/2 to 2 scales between lateral line and scaly sheath of dorsal below the last spine. Soft dorsal slightly pointed, the longest rays equal to head without snout. First anal spine less than half length of second, which is as long as longest dorsal spines. Anal rounded, the longest rays equal to head without snout. Caudal emarginate.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XIII, 12-13; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 11-12; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 15-16; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 18-19+8-9; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+9.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Glyphisodon xanthozona Bleeker, 1853
Abudefduf xanthozona de Beaufort, 1940
Abudefduf xanthozonus Smith, 1960
Glyphidodon xanthozoan Gunther, 1862
Glyphidodontops albofasciatus Bleeker, 1877
Glyphidodon amabilis De Vis, 1883
Abudefduf amabilis Jordan and Seale, 1906
Abudefduf albofasciatus M. Weber, 1913
Chrysiptera amabilis Montalban, 1927
Abudefduf amabilis Fowler and Bean, 1928
Abudefduf amabilis Fowler, 1928
Glyphidodontops amabilis Whitley, 1929

Common Name (s)
• Kiruliyamas
• Padatham
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)

Ecology

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• SEYCHELLES
• SRI LANKA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8574/1/Murty.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-28

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