Chrysiptera biocellata   (Quoy and Gaimard,  1825) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pomacentridae

Image copyrights: John E. Randall

Description
Max. size: 12.5 cm TL.

Dorsal spines (total): 13, Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays: 13-14. Bluish or purplish spots at the posterior base of the dorsal fin. Juveniles with large ocellus that reduces with size and lacks completely in adults. The white band in young reduces to a small white saddle in large adults. Locomotion by the oscillation of median or pectoral fins.

Dioecious, eggs are deposited inside empty shells or under stones or shells, external fertilization, guarders, nesters.


Synonym (s)
Chrysiptera biocellatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
(senior synonym)
Chromis cinctus (Playfair, 1868)
(junior synonym)
Chaetodon brownriggii (non Bennett, 1828)
(misapplied)
Abudefduf zonatus (Cuvier, 1830)
(junior synonym)
Abudefduf biocellatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
(senior synonym)
Chrysiptera zonatus (Cuvier, 1830)
Chrysoptera biocellata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
(Misspelling)
Glyphidodon cingulatus Kner, 1867
Glyphidodontops biocellatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
Glyphisodon albocinctus Kner, 1867
Glyphisodon antjerius Cuvier, 1830
Glyphisodon antjerius fasciatus Gunther, 1862
Glyphisodon balinensis Bleeker, 1849
Glyphisodon biocellatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
Glyphisodon punctulatus Cuvier, 1830
Glyphisodon rossii Bleeker, 1854
Glyphisodon zonatus Cuvier, 1830
Heliastes cinctus Playfair, 1868

Common Name (s)
• Twospot Demoiselle (English)
• Twinspot Damselfish (English)
• Kiruliyamas (Mahl)
• Rammas (Mahl)
• Neelapadatham (Malayalam)
• Padatham (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)
Cultured:  Unknown

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic algae/weeds, filamentous algae

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Kerala INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Garpe, KC and Ohman, MC (2003) Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island marine park Tanzania fish habitat interactions Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 498 191-211 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2005) Community organization of coral reef fishes in the rubble sub-habitat of Kavaratti Atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 47(1) 77-82 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at - http://www.eol.org/
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2009/March/o198526iii09166-169.pdf
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2004) Community organization of reef fishes in the live coral sub-habitat of Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 51(1) 87-95 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/150/1/IJF_51_no.1_%2C2004_-_12.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-08

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