Salarias fasciatus   (Bloch,  1786) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 14 cm.

Color: A vertical dark band along preopercular margin, a similar one around corner of mouth to eye. Several small dark spots on top and back of head, a few larger dark spots on upper lip and under eye. Throat nearly black, with a narrow, light band across its posterior third, usually traces of another light band across the middle, and an incomplete similar band behind the lip (the latter always noticeable at corner of mouth). A light spot across lower lip at symphysis and usually 3 or 4 incidental light spots on dark of throat. Base of pectoral and breast prominently reticulated with dark lines which enclose oval light spots, at least one of which is as large as eye. Anterior part of abdomen crossed by a single or double dark line, second vertical dark band of side sometimes nearly meeting across abdomen behind this. Vertical dark bands of body chiefly noted as 8 pairs of black spots at the base of dorsal, which extend briefly onto fin, bands more or less lost in other coloration on sides. Area above lateral line speckled thickly with small black dots against tan background. Middle of sides from under pectoral to half way back under soft dorsal occupied by 10 or 12 sharply defined black lines that are more or less broken, and become lines of dashes dorsally. On back behind these dashes a line of from 3 to 7 sharply defined black spots, and above this a line of 1 to 2 more dots. Four to 10 more diffuse and larger dots on caudal peduncle. General body color brown and underlying all the pattern noted above are round light spots the size of pupil or smaller. Under the striped area they may be faded in some specimens, and posteriorly they may coalesce to form light area between the vertical body bands, but along and above the base of the anal these light spots are always prominently developed. Dorsal fin profusely covered by tiny black specks which are more or less gathered, on the spinous dorsal, into broad reticulating bands which enclose light spots the size of pupil. Anal dusky on basal third, a little lighter distally, always a scattering of black dots like those on caudal peduncle over posterior third of fin. Caudal light, sprinkled with small dark dots which may be profuse or scattered, but always present. Pectoral prominently marked by black spots on rays. These may be confined to basal half of fin or extend out to edge, but some are always prominently present except in specimens from Solomon Islands. Ventrals crossed by three dark bands.

No trace of crest on head in either sex. Nasal cirrus a little shorter than pupil, stubby, 1 to 3 short filaments on either side of pedicle and as many as 6 or 7 borne palmately at its end, number of filaments and length of pedicle increasing somewhat with age, but organ always multifid. Supra orbital cirrus a little less than 1/2 eye in length, bushy, 2 or 3 filaments coming from common base which are not only multifid but their sub-filaments often secondarily divided. Nuchal cirrus no longer than pupil, bushy, at least 15 filaments to each cirrus and these secondarily divided until in large specimens there may be as many as 30 filaments, all filaments coming from a single, broad pedicle, but this may be split almost to the base. Forehead rounded and receding a little from vertical. Both lips smooth but in largest specimens fine and irregular serrations are noted under magnification on upper lip. No canines. Depth 4.3-4.8. Head 4.3-4.8. Lateral line curving down behind pectoral and ending there. No trace of notch in dorsal although last spine is often a little shorter than first ray, leaving a slight jog in fin. Last 2 spines of equal length. Membrane connecting last dorsal ray to caudal peduncle covers all of small caudal rays and the ray is either completely bound down, or only tip is free. First few rays of adult male greatly elongated, with membrane deeply excised between them. Last anal ray half bound to caudal peduncle by membrane. Longest pectoral ray shorter than head by length of snout and half the eye. Numerous pale spots, dark streaks anteriorly, and several dusky bands. Dorsal spines (total): 12 - 12, Dorsal soft rays (total): 18 - 20, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays:19 - 21.

Dioecious, external fertilisation, guarders, nesters. Oviparous, distinct pairing.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Blennius fasciatus Bloch, 1786
Blennius gattorugine Forskal, 1775
Salarias quadripennis Ruppell, 1828
Salarias quadripinnis Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1836
Salarias quadripinnis Bleeker, 1849
Salarias priamensis Bleeker, 1853
Salarias fasciatus Gunther, 1861
Salarias quadripinnis Jouan, 1866
Salarias fasciatus Klunzinger, 1871
Salarias lineolatus Alleyne and Macleay, 1877
Salarias fasciatus Day, 1876
Salarias fasciatus Gunther, 1877
Salarias fasciatus Kossmann and Rauber, 1877
Salarias brasiliensis Sauvage, 1880
Salarias fasciatus Macleay, 1881
Salarias griseus De Vis, 1884
Salarias pauper De Vis, 1884
Salarias sublineatus De Vis, 1884
Salarias furvus De Vis, 1884
Salarias ceramensis Jordan and Snyder, 1902
Salarias fasciatus Garman, 1903
Salarias fasciatus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Salarias fasciatus Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Salarias fasciatus M. Weber, 1913
Alticus griseus Ogilby, 1915
Salarias fasciatus McCulloch, 1918
Salarias fasciatus Fowler and Bean, 1922
Salarias fasciatus McCulloch, 1923
Salarias fasciatus Fowler, 1928
Salarias fasciatus lineolatus Whitely, 1932
Salarias fasciatus Herre, 1936
Salarias fasciatus Day, 1878
Salarias quadripennis Cuvier, 1816

Common Name (s)
• Digu-funna (Mahl)
• Gali-kattu (Mahl)
• Mandian (Malayalam)
• Variyan-kakkadan (Malayalam)
• Jewelled blenny (English)
• Yellow-banded Blenny
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Sandy
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic algae/weeds, other plants
Predator:  Plectropomus leopardus


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Persian Gulf
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Lakshadweep, Amini Island (Lat: 11.08) (Long: 72.75) INDIA (Record: 03/1954)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at -
  • Hutomo, M and Martosewojo, S (1977) The fishes of seagrass community on the west side of Burung island (Pari Islands, Seribu Islands) and their variations in abundance Marine Research in Indonesia 17 147-172 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Day, F (1981) The fishes of Malabar 1-281 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Balan, V (1958) Notes on a visit to certain islands of the Laccadive Archipelago, with special reference to fisheries Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 55 (2) 297-306 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-05

Back to Search