Sardinella clupeoides   (Bleeker  1849) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 75-190 mm

Color: bluish green above, becoming silvery white on sides and beneath. Dorsal and caudal fins pale greenish, the latter often with dusky posterior margin; other fins hyaline.

Elongate, dorsal and ventral profile nearly equally convex. Head 3.9-4.2 in standard length, 4.7-5.1 in total length. Depth of body 4.3-4.6 in standard length, 5.2-5.6 in total length. Eye diameter 3.4-3.7 in head, slightly shorter than snout and 0.8 in interorbital space. Maxillary not reaching front margin of eye. Teeth present on palatines, pterygoids and tongue. Origin of dorsal fin midway between snout and base of caudal fin. Pectoral fin slightly shorter than head without snout. Ventral equal to or shorter than postorbital length of head. Ventral fin below anterior rays of dorsal fin. Scutes feeble, 16-17 preventral and 13-14 postventral. Predorsal scales 15-17.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: 18-19; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 17-18; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 16-17; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 42-44; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 11-12; Gill raker count: 14-16+1+29-32.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Amblygaster clupeoides Bleeker, 1849
Sardinella clupeoides Bennett, 1968
Clupea (Sardinella) clupeoides Bleeker, 1872
Clupea (Amblygaster) clupeoides Weber and Beaufort, 1913
Sardinella clupeoides Jones, 1969

Common Name (s)
• Keerimeen (Malayalam)
• Gumbala
• Sharpnose Sardine (English)
• Keerimeen Chalai (Tamil)
• Vapichala
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial



• INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Red Sea (Record: 1980)
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1980)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram Island INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Bensan, P (1986) Early developmental stages of some marine fishes from India 1. Nematalosa nasus, Sardinella clupeoides, S. fimbriata, S. sirm and S. albella Umila Mer 24(1) 33-41 Available at - NCL, Pune (ASFA Records)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at -
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-11

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