Myrichthys maculosus   (Cuvier,  1816) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Anguilliformes
Family:Ophichthidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 50.0-100.0 cm.

Color: Pale yellowish or white with 2 or 3 alternating series of black blotches; the blotches along middle of side largest and varying from 25 to 31, the upper series partly extending on to dorsal fin leaving the edges white, lower series sometimes slightly extending to base of anal fin; large adults with smaller spots on lower sides of head and trunk and a dark spot on pectoral fin which is white.

Head 13.8-15.8, depth of body 33.5-42.8, both in total length. Head 4.6-5.6 in trunk. Head and trunk 1.3-1.6 in tail. Eye diameter 9.8-12.3 in head, 1.8-2.6 in snout and 1.3-2.0 in interorbital space. Cleft of mouth 3.1-3.7 in head, extending slightly behind a vertical from the hind border of eye. Snout projecting beyond tip of lower jaw. Teeth conical or granular, biserial in the jaws and on vomer and a few teeth on premaxillary plate. Anterior nostrils tubular, on the underside of snout just behind tip of upper jaw; posterior nostrils in upper lip below front of eye. Origin of dorsal fin on nape, nearer to eye than to gill opening. Dorsal and anal fin low, ending near tip of tail which projects as a stiff point. Pectoral fin rather short, as long as or slightly longer than diameter of eye.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Muraena maculosa Cuvier, 1816
(Senior synonym)
Muraena tigrina Ruppell, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Myrichthys aki Tanaka, 1917
(Junior synonym)
Myrichthys rupestris Snyder, 1912
(Junior synonym)
Ophichthus miyamotonis Tanaka, 1913
(Junior synonym)
Ophichthys dromicus Gunther, 1870
(Junior synonym)
Pisoodonophis magnifica (non Abbott, 1861)
(Misapplied)
Muraena maculosa Cuvier, 1817
Myrichthys maculosus Smith, 1962
Myrichthys (Myrichthys) maculosus Weber and de Beaufort, 1916
Myrichthys maculosus (Cuvier, 1816)
(Senior synonym)
Myrichtys maculosus (Cuvier, 1816)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Ocellated Snake Eel (English)
• Spotted Snake Eel (English)
• Tiger Snake Eel (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1965) New records of fishes from the seas around India - Part III Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 7(2) 381-400 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1855/1/Jones_381-400.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-29

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