Schindleria praematura   (Schindler,  1930) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 1.8-2.5 cm.

Color: Transparent. A small bark brown to black spot in the level of the 16th or 17th vertebra, caused by pigment on the caudo-dorsal part of the air bladder.

Body elongate and compressed. Head 9.3-9.8 in total length. Eye diameter about 4 in head and about equal to snout. Preanal length equal to or slightly more than 1.6 in total length. Teeth minute, in two or three rows in jaws. Origin of dorsal fin midway between tip of snout and end of caudal fin. 7-11 rays of dorsal anterior to a level from insertion of anal fin. Lower jaw slightly projecting beyond the upper. Maxillary reaching to below front of iris. All dorsal and anal rays simple. Caudal with 13 rays, all except the outer two branched. Ventral fins absent. Air bladder indicated by a slightly pigmented area varying from 15th to 17th vertebrae. Vertebrae 35-39. Myomeres fairly discernible except the anterior two or three. Females generally attain larger size than males. Exhibit extreme paedomorphism.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: 18-22; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 11-14; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 15-17.

Dioecious, external fertilization. Adults with mature gonads while retaining postlarval characters. Distinct pairing.

Max. reported age: 1 year

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Hemiramphus praematurus Schindler 1930
(Senior synonym)
Schindleria praematura (Schindler) 1930
(Senior synonym)
Hemirhamphus praematurus Schindler 1930
Schindleria praematura Giltay 1934
Schindleria praematurus Schultz 1960
Schindleria praematurus (Schindler, 1930)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Lagoon INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10.31) (Long: 73.16) INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11.8) (Long: 72.46) INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10.65) (Long: 72.7) INDIA (Record: 1980)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Harris, SA; Cyrus, DP and Forbes, AT (1995) The larval fish assemblage at the mouth of the Kosi estuary, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa South African Journal of Marine Science 16 351-364 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-03-10

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