Scomberomorus commersoni   Lacepede  1800 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 100 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens brownish or bluish grey above, silvery on sides and belly. On the sides numerous transverse dark bands, rounded above and below, sometimes broken into shorter rods or spots, sometimes distinct, sometimes only visible under certain light, comparatively broader in young specimens than in old ones. Anterior part of first dorsal black, posterior part white with a black edge, in old specimens the fin is more uniform grayish. Second dorsal, anal, fin lets, and caudal brownish or yellowish, the lobes of dorsal and anal more or less dusky. Pectorals yellowish, the posterior border broadly dusky. Ventrals yellowish or brownish.

Height 4.2-5.9, 4.8-6.2 in length with caudal. Head 3.7-4.4, 4.2-4.9 in length with caudal. Eye 4.3-6.7, 1.5-2.6 in snout and 1.2-2.1 in convex inter orbital space. Mouth large, slightly oblique, jaws equal in young, upper jaw the longer in large specimens. Maxillary reaching to below hind border of eye. About ten distant compressed pointed canines, minutely serrated along their edges, at least in larger specimens, in each ramus of both jaws. Villi form teeth in an oval patch on vomer and in a much elongate patch on palatines. Gill rakers rudimentary, three developed on lower branch near its posterior end. Preopercle with feeble denticulations on lower part of its hind border. A post ocular patch of lanceolate scales, not reaching hind border of preopercle. Anterior spines of first dorsal as long as snout in young specimens, much less than snout in large ones. Height of first dorsal decreasing in height posteriorly. Upper border of second dorsal deeply concave, the first rays much longer than the posterior ones and as long as snout or longer. Origin of anal about below middle of second dorsal, in shape equal to last named fin but less deep. Pectorals somewhat falcate, as long as snout in small specimens, equal to snout and eye in large ones. Ventrals half as long as pectorals, inserted slightly behind origin of pectorals. Median and upper and lower keels on caudal peduncle moderately developed. Lateral line with a sharp curve downwards below anterior dorsal fin lets, more accentuated with age, and continued in a more or less wavy course to median keel on caudal peduncle.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Cybium commersonii Ruppell 1835
Cybium commersonii Cuvier and Valenciennes 1831
Cybium commersonii Richardson 1846
Cybium commersoni Cantor 1850
Cybium konan Bleeker 1852
Cybium commersonii Gunther 1860
Cybium commersonii Day 1865
Cybium konam Kner 1867
Cybium commersonii Klunzinger 1884
Cybium commersonii Day 1876
Cybium commersonii Gunther 1887
Cybium commersonii Sauvage 1891
Scomberomorus commersonii McCulloch 1922
Cybium commersoni Jordan and Hubbs 1925
Cybium commerson Kishinouye 1923
Scomberomorus commersoni Barnard 1927
Cybium commersonii Vinciguerra 1926
Scomberomorus commerson Fowler 1928
Scomberomorus commerson Whitley 1932
Scomberomorus commerson Fowler 1936
Cybium commerson Whitley 1936
Scomberomorus commerson Munro 1943
Scomberomorus (Cybium) commerson Fraser-Brunner 1950

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003)
• INDIA (Record: 1951)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Brothers, EB and Mathews, CP (1987) Application of otolith microstructural studies to age determination of some commercially valuable fish of the Arabian Gulf Kuwait Bulletin of Marine Science 9 127-157 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Oakley, SG and Bakhsh, AA (1989) Seasonality of fish catches in the Jizan region of the Red Sea Kuwait Bulletin of Marine Science 10 123-132 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Coastal Fishery Resources in Countries Bordering Indian Ocean Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-18

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