Scorpaenodes guamensis   (Quoy & Gaimard,  1824) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Size : 14-15 cm.

Color: Color is variable. The ground color is, dirty yellow to greenish and is patterned with dark mottlings, cross bars, and marks on the head and body. The ventral part is light yellow with red-brown markings

Head 2.2-2.4 in standard length, 2.9-3.1 in total length. Depth of body 2.6-2.9 in standard length, 3.3-3.7 in total length. Eye diameter 3.4-3.9 in head, equal to or a little more than snout and 0.5-0.6 in concave interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to somewhat below hind border of eye. Teeth in villiform bands in jaws and on vomer, none on palatines. Head scaled, those on interorbital space, below eye and on snout very small. Anterior nostril with a small flap. Small filaments often present near one or two supraorbital spines. Spination on head consisting of a small spine dorsolateral to anterior nostril, supraorbital ridge with 4 spines, 2 spines on superior postorbital ridge, three spines on inferior postorbital ridge, a preorbital spine present and suborbital usually with 3 spines, 3 or 4 spines on hind border of preopercle, two opercular spines and one superiorly on shoulder girdle. Pectoral fin equal to head without snout, ventral shorter. Anterolateral glandular groove with venom gland.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XIII, 8-9; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 5-6; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 6, 11 or i, 7, 10; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 40-41; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 5-6+1+13-14.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scorpaena guamensis Cuvier & Gaimard, 1824
Scorpaena guamensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
(Senior synonym)
Scorpaenodes guamensis Smith, 1949
Scorpaenopsis guamensis Day, 1878
Scorpaena polylepis Bleeker, 1851
(Junior synonym)
Scorpaenodes guamensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
(Senior synonym)
Sebastes minutus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Scorpaena guamensis Gunther, 1875
Sebastichthys strongia Day, 1875
Scorpaenopsis guamensis Day, 1888
Sebastichthys minutus Bleeker, 1876
Sebastopsis polylepsis Bleeker, 1879
Sebastopsis minutus Sauvage, 1878
Sebastes (Sebastopsis) guamensis Klunzinger, 1884
Sebastopsis guamensis Fowler, 1900
Sebastopsis guamensis Jordan and Seale, 1906
Sebastopsis guamensis McCulloch, 1913
Scorpaenodes guamensis Fowler, 1931
Sebastopsis guamensis Giltay, 1933
Scorpaenodes guamensis Herre, 1936
Scorpaenodes guamensis Matsubara, 1943
Scorpaenodes guamensis Barnard, 1948
Scorpaenodes guamensis J. L. B. Smith, 1950
Scorpaenodes guamensis Herre, 1952
Scorpaenodes guamensis Munro, 1955
Scorpaenodes guamensis Inger, 1957

Common Name (s)
• Guam Scorpionfish (English)
• Gauviha Mas (Mahl)
• Peychan (Malayalam)
• Guam Stingfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Ornamental fish

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, benthic crustaceans, worms, crabs, shrimps, polychaetes


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Red Sea
• Gulf of Oman
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-08

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