Scorpaenopsis cirrhosa   (Thunberg,  1793) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Scorpaeniformes
Family:Scorpaenidae

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Description
Size: 117-500 mm

Color: Brownish with reddish tinge, marbled with greenish brown and dark. Dorsal and anal marmorate with greenish brown band; pectoral with brown vertical bars and mottling, tips of rays scarlet; distal half of ventral marbled with dark brown.

Head 2.60 in standard length, 3.25 in total length. Depth of body 2.8 in standard length, 3.5 in total length. Eye diameter 5.0 in head, 1.6 in snout and 0.7 in deep interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below hind border of iris. Teeth in villiform bands in jaws and on vomer; palatines edentulous. Head except opercle and preopercle naked. A deep notch before eye continued as a groove below eye on each side above suborbital ridge. Anterior nostril with a membraneous flap. A median ridge from between hind nostrils ending in interorbital space and a low ridge on each side in between supraorbital ridges almost meeting just at the level of the hind border of eyes. A moderate transverse pit in front of the scaled occiput. A spine near anterior nostril, supraorbital ridge with 3 spines and a short spine near the third, superior and inferior postorbital ridges with 3 spines each and a spine in between the last two, a spine above the shoulder girdle, preorbital with 2 spines, the anterior one directed forwards and the hind one directed backwards and downwards; the hind border of preopercle with 4 spines and two divergent spines on the opercle. Membraneous flaps present below lower jaw, border of preopercle, opercle, upper jaw and some spines of the head and some of the scales of body. Fourth dorsal spine longest, 1.5 eye diameter. Second anal fin spine longer and stronger than the third, slightly more than twice eye diameter. Pectoral fin as long as head without snout. Ventral fin slightly shorter than pectoral.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII, 9; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 5; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 5, 11; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 44; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 7+1+16.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Perca cirrhosa Thunberg, 1793
Scorpaenopsis cirrhosa Day, 1878
Scorpaenopsis cirrhosus Munro, 1955
Scorpaena cirrhosa Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Scorpaena cirrhosa Schlegel, 1842
Scorpaena cirrhosa Bleeker, 1857
Scorpaena cirrhosa Gunther, 1860
Scorpaena cirrhosa Klunzinger, 1870
Scorpaena cirrhosa Gunther, 1875
Scorpaenopsis cirrhosa Bleeker, 1879
Scorpaenopsis papuensis Sauvage, 1878
Scorpaena (Scorpaenopsis) cirrhosa Klunzinger, 1884
Scorpaena cirrhosa Sauvage, 1891
Scorpaenopsis cirrhosa Jordan and Starks, 1903
Scorpaenopsis cirrhosa Jordan and Seale, 1907
Scorpaena cirrhosa Snyder, 1912
Scorpaenopsis cirrosa Barnard, 1927
Scorpaenopsis cirrhosus Fowler, 1938
Scorpaenopsis cirrhosa Matsubara, 1943
Scorpaenopsis cirrhosa Boeseman, 1947
Scorpaenopsis cirrhosus Fowler, 1949
Scorpaenopsis cirrhosa J. L. B. Smith, 1950

Common Name (s)
• Weedy Stingfish (English)
• Hairy Stingfish
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-29

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