Solenocera choprai   Nataraj,  1945 (Shrimp)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Male 9.5 cm TL; Female, 13 cm TL; carapace length 22-28.5 mm.

Color: Body, pereopods and pleopods red; antennae banded dark red and white; uropods dark red, except for some white areas.

Body hairless except at base of rostrum where it is distinctly pubescent; rostrum reaching middle to 3/4 of eye, convex on ventral margin and with 6 to 9 dorsal teeth; postrostral crest markedly elevated and laminose, reaching posterior margin of carapace and interrupted by a notch just ahead of cervical groove; the latter is deep and reaches or almost dorsal midline; postorbital spine present; suprahepatic and branchiostegal spines absent; pterygostomian angle broadly rounded and unarmed; hepatic crest curved downward anteriorly, with a sharp bending near its anterior end delimiting a round loop just behind frontal margin of carapace; branchiocardic crest oblique, its anterior part curving ventrally; telson trifurcate, with a pair of fixed distolateral spines; fifth pereopod with a coxal spine.

Synonym (s)
Solenocera alticarinata Kubo, 1949
Solenocera alticarinata (non Kubo, 1949)

Common Name (s)
• Ridgeback Shrimp (English)
• Mud Shrimp
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh)

Habitat:  Demersal, Coastal
Predator:  Bonyfishes (Otolithes cuvieri, Grammoplites suppositus)


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Kerala, Northwest of Kochi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 09/1995-05/2000)
• Karnataka, Off Mangalore INDIA (Record: 2001-2007) (Depth: 60-100 mts)
• Karnataka, Off Malpe INDIA (Record: 2001-2007) (Depth: 60-100 mts)
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 17.45) (Long: 71.68) INDIA (Depth: 102.41-106.07 mts)
• North West Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • ETI bioinformatics, world biodiversity database (Euphausiacea) Available at -
  • Crosnier, A (1984) Penaeoid shrimps (Benthesicymidae, Aristeidae, Solenoceridae, Sicyoniidae) collected in Indonesia during the Corindon II and IV expeditions Marine Research in Indonesia -24 19-47
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • George, MJ (1979) Taxonomy of Indian prawns (Penaeidae, Crustacea, Decapoda) Contributions to Marine Sciences Dedicated to Dr.C.V.Kurian 21-59 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dineshbabu, AP (2003) Fishery and some biological aspects of penaeid shrimps along Saurashtra region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(2) 195-207 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at -
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at -
  • Mohamed, KH (1973) Penaeid prawn resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India, CMFRI, Cochin 548-556 Available at -
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at -
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at -
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at -
  • George, MJ (1972) Zoogeographic distribution of Indian penaeidae Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 1 89-93 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-14

Back to Search