Sebastapistes nuchalis   (Gunther,  1874) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 26-70 mm

Color: Somewhat yellowish, marbled with brown. A dark mark on opercle. Dorsal fin light brownish with obscure dark markings, a dark brown mark between 7th and 11th dorsal spines distally. Anal yellowish with dark oblique markings. Caudal yellowish with broad light brownish markings at base and in the middle. Pectoral yellowish with 5 or 6 rows of dark brown spots. Ventral light with dusky mark in the middle.

Head 2.3-2.4 in standard length, 3.0-3.1 in total length. Depth of body 2.7-2.8 in standard length, 3.5-3.6 in total length. Eye diameter 3.7-4.0 in head, equal to snout and about 0.6 in concave interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below hind margin of eye. Teeth in villiform bands in jaws, vomer and palatines. Interorbital ridges strong and well developed. Spination consisting of one near anterior nostril, supraorbital ridge with 3 spines, one postfrontal spine, superior postorbital ridge with 3 spines, inferior postorbital ridge with 4 spines, a spine in between the last two spines of the above two ridges, preorbital with one spine directed forwards anteriorly and two retrorse spines posteriorly, suborbital ridge ending posteriorly in one small spine, preopercle with 5 or 6 spines, opercle with two flat spines and one on upper part of shoulder girdle. Small filaments at anterior nostril, supraorbital and preorbital spines and along preopercle margin. Pectoral fin equal to head without snout or shorter, ventral fin slightly longer.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII, 9; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 5; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 6, 10 or i, 5, 11; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 41-43; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 6+1+12-13.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scorpaena nuchalis Gunther, 1874
(Senior synonym)
Sebastapistes nuchalis Smith, 1957

Common Name (s)
• Gauviha Mas
• Bara Peychan
• Peychan
• Dark-spot Stingfish
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Demersal


• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1965) New records of fishes from the seas around India - Part II Journal of Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 7(1) 108-123 Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-08

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