Sebastapistes strongia   (Cuvier,  1829) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Scorpaeniformes
Family:Scorpaenidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 6-15 cm.

Color: Reddish brown with irregular yellowish white blotches on body. Head and anterior part of body densely covered with minute yellowish spots. Fins brownish, posterior parts of dorsal and anal pale yellowish.

Head 2.3-2.5 in standard length, 2.9-3.2 in total length. Depth of body 2.4-2.7 in standard length, 3.1-3.4 in total length. Eye diameter 3.3-3.6 in head, equal to snout and about 0.5-0.6 in concave interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below hind border of pupil or a little beyond. Villiform teeth on jaws, vomer and palatines. No filaments on head or body except a small flap at anterior nostril. Spination on head consisting of one small spine near anterior nostril, supraorbital ridge with 3 spines, superior postorbital ridge with 3 spines, inferior postorbital ridge with 4 spines, a spine posteriorly in between the two postorbital ridges, preorbital with one spine directed forwards and 3 spines directed backwards, the anterior one or two flaring slightly outwards, suborbital ridge ending posteriorly in a small spine, preopercle with 5 spines and opercle with two flat spines and a strong spine on upper side of shoulder girdle. Pectoral fin equal to head without snout, ventral fin a little shorter.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII, 9-10; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 5; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 5, 10 or i, 6, 10; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 46-48; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 6-7+1+13-15.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Scorpaena strongia Cuvier, 1829
Scorpaena kowiensis Smith, 1936
Sebastapistes kowiensis Smith, 1957
Sebastapistes strongia Munro, 1955
Kantapus oglinus Smith, 1947
(Junior synonym)
Phenacoscorpius nebulosus Smith, 1958
(Junior synonym)
Scorpaena oglinus (Smith, 1947)
(Junior synonym)
Scorpaena strongia Cuvier, 1829
(Senior synonym)
Scorpaena tristis Klunzinger, 1870
(Junior synonym)
Sebastapistes bynoensis (non Richardson, 1845)
(Misapplied name)
Sebastapistes oglinus (Smith, 1947)
(Junior synonym)
Sebastapistes tristis (Klunzinger, 1870)
(Junior synonym)
Scorpaena strongia Quoy and Gaimard, 1834
Scorpaena cyanostigma Bleeker, 1856
Sebastes strongensis Gunther, 1860
Sebastes strongia Klunzinger, 1870
Scorpaena strongia Gunther, 1875
Sebastichthys cyanostigma Bleeker, 1879
Sebastes strongia Klunzinger, 1884
Sebastapistes strongia Fowler, 1900
Sebastes strongia M. Weber, 1913

Common Name (s)
• Barchin Scorpionfish (English)
• Gauviha Mas
• Peychan
• Brown-band Stingfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(Venomous)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Harris, SA and Cyrus, DP (1995) Occurrence of fish larvae in the St Lucia estuary, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa South African Journal of Marine Science 16 333 - 350 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-08

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