Siganus corallinus   (Valenciennes,  1835) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Siganidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 27-35 cm.

Color: Head, body and fins orange-yellow. Pale blue ocelli with darker blue margins on head, thorax and sides. Spots about pinhead size, larger and more crowded on head, sometimes smaller on sides. Ocelli may extend onto bases of dorsal and anal fins, and on bases of outer rays of caudal fin. Very small juveniles (up to 50 mm SL) may have vertical blue lines on side, fragmenting into the ocelli with increase in size. Orbit with a diffused-edged dark, triangular smudge. Orange-brown iris.

Height 2-2.2, 2.6-2.9 in length with caudal. Head 3.3-3.6, 4.2-4.8 in length with caudal. Eye 3.3-3.8, 1.8-2 in snout and 1-1.3 in somewhat convex inter orbital space. Upper and lower profile of head before eyes concave. First dorsal spine equal to eye, sixth or seventh spines longest, about as long as snout and half eye, last spine equal to snout or somewhat shorter. Soft dorsal pointed, median rays longest, equal to snout and half eye. First anal spine more than eye, third or fourth spines longest, equal to snout or somewhat longer. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Pectorals equal to snout and eye or somewhat longer, ventrals equal to snout and half eye. Caudal deeply forked, the lobes pointed. Caudal peduncle about as long as deep, its least depth equal to eye or four fifths of eye. Fin spines stout, pungent and venomous. Midline of thorax and ridges fully scaled. Dorsal spines (total): 13 - 13, Dorsal soft rays (total): 10 - 10, Anal spines: 7, Anal soft rays: 9, Vertebrae: 13.


Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Amphacanthus corallinus Valenciennes, 1835
Amphacanthus corallinus Schlegel and Muller, 1841
Amphacanthus corallinus Bleeker, 1850
Teuthis corallinus Gunther, 1875
Teuthis corallina Bleeker, 1865
Siganus corallinus Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Siganus corallinus Fowler, 1918
Siganus corallinus Fowler and Bean, 1922
Teuthis corallina Herre and Montalban, 1928
Siganus corallinus Fowler, 1928
Siganus corallinus Fowler and Bean, 1929
Teuthis corallina P. J. Schmidt, 1930
Siganus corallins (Valenciennes, 1835)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Spotted Rabbitfish (English)
• Ocellated Orange Spinefoot (English)
• Coral Rabbitfish (English)
• Blue Spotted Spinefoot (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zooplankton, plants, other planktonic invertebrates, benthic algae/weeds

Biogeography


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) A field guide to the fishes of Acanthuridae (surgeonfishes) and Siganidae (rabbitfishes) of Andaman and Nicobar Islands 42 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Gajeelee, R (1980) Length-weight relationship and relative condition of the rabbitfish, Siganus corallinus (Valenciennes 1835) in Mauritius Mauritius Institute Bulletin 9(1) 23-30 Available at - ZOOR11900052330
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Rao, DV and Devi, Kamlahttp://172.27.26.53/bioSearch/editLiterature.php?id=105036 (1996) Notes on rabbit fishes (Family: Siganidae) of Andaman and Nicobar islands Journal of Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Central Agricultural Research Institute, Andaman, India 12 (1-2) 84-88 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-07

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