Solenostomus cyanopterus   Bleeker,  1854 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 15.2-17 cm.

Color: Color variable (from brown to pink or yellow) with small black and white spots. 2 elongate black spots between first 3 dorsal spines.

Height in total length nearly 6-8, head in total length 3 to about 3 1/3. Eye 11, 3-3 1/3 in postorbital part of head. Eye in snout (according to size of the fish) 6 1/4-8 1/3. Least height of snout, which is higher in the male than in the female, about 4 1/2 times in its length (3 times in the male, 4 times in the female, JUNGERSEN) to 5 1/2 times (SAUVAGE). Caudal peduncle stout, rather higher than long. The membrane of the caudal beginning very near or almost close to the second dorsal and anal, closest in the male. Posterior margin of ventrals evenly convex in both sexes. Skin with more or less conspicuous scattered dermal appendages, more so in the male, these villi, which may be branched, also along inferior border of snout, they form a barbel at the mandibular symphysis.
There is always different morphology between mature adults. Total body plates 27-35. Caudal fin truncate, rounded, or lanceolate. Caudal peduncle short or lost in large females. Pelvic fin sexually dimorphic, forming a brood pouch in females. Dorsal spines (total): 5 - 5, Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-22, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 17-22, Vertebrae: 32-33.

Dioecious. Fertilization is in brood pouch or a similar structure. Bearers, external brooders. Pelvic fins of females are modified as brood pouch for the reception of the eggs.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Solenichthys raceki Whitley, 1955
Solenostomus paegnius Jordan & Thompson, 1914
Solenostoma paradoxum Bleeker, 1852
Solenostoma paradoxum Bleeker, 1853
Solenostoma cyanopterus Bleeker, 1854
Solenostoma cyanopterus Bleeker, 1855
Solenostoma paradoxus Kaup, 1856
Solenichthys cyanopterus Bleeker, 1865
Solenostoma cyanopterum Playfair and Gunther, 1866
Solenostomus cyanopterus A. Dumeril, 1870
Solenichthys paegnius (Jordan & Thompson, 1914)
Solenostoma cyanopterum Gunther, 1870
Solenostoma cyanopterum Klunzinger, 1871
Solenostomichthys cyanopterus Bleeker, 1873
Solenostomatichthys Bleekeri Bleeker, 1875
Solenostomus Bleekeri Sauvage, 1891
Solenostomus cyanopterus Jordan and Snyder, 1901
Solenostomus cyanopterus Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Solenostoma cyanopterus Jungersen, 1910
Solenostomus cyanopterus Max Weber, 1913
Solenostoma cyanopterus Bleeker, 1854
Solenostomatichthys bleekeri (Dumeril, 1870)
Solenostomus bleekeri Dumeril, 1870
Solenostomus bleekerii Dumeril, 1870
Solenostomus paeginus Jordan & Thompson, 1914
Solenostomus paegnius Jordan & Thompson, 1914

Common Name (s)
• Robust Ghost Pipefish (English)
• Ghost Pipefish (English)
• Blue Finned Ghost Pipefish (English)
• Fipumas (Mahl)
• Pulchala (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, zooplankton, fish eggs/larvae


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Red Sea (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Gerlach Justin (2001) A first Seychelles record of the ghost-pipefish Solenostomus cyanopterus Phelsuma 9 74-75 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-03-08

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