Sphyraena chinensis   Lacepede  1803 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 85-152 mm

Color: Brownish on back, silvery below with a pale yellowish band from eye to caudal. Fins pale yellowish.

Head 2.9-3.0 in standard length, 3.4-3.6 in total length. Depth of body 7.1-8.0 in standard length, 8.6-9.5 in total length. Eye diameter 4.6-5.1 in head, 2.2-2.3 in snout and about 0.8 in interorbital space. Maxillaries reaching to below nostrils. Preopercle almost rectangular, its angle produced into a skinny flap. A long gill raker at angle of arch and another on lower limb. Operculum without spines. Upper jaw with a series of small teeth and two canines anteriorly on each side. Lower jaw with larger vertical teeth and a symphysial canine. Palatines with 6-9 teeth, 2 or 3 in front being canines. First dorsal fin spine much shorter than postorbital pat of head and not higher than soft dorsal. Origin of first dorsal fin above or slightly behind tip of pectoral fin and behind base of ventral fin. Insertion of ventral fin midway between tip of snout and end of base of anal fin. Distance from tip of depressed first dorsal fin to insertion of second dorsal fin about equal to snout.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: V; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: I, 9; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 8-9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 11-12; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 83-86; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 8+1+10-11.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Sphyraena chinensis Lacepede 1803
Sphyraenella flavicauda Smith 1969

Common Name (s)
• Fandiyarutholi
• Kolas
Economic Importance and Threats



• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• INDIA (Record: 1980)
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1980)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2009-11-04

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