Sphyraena chrysotaenia   Klunzinger,  1884 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Sphyraenidae

Image copyrights: Ilkyaz, A.T.

Description
Size: 30.0 cm TL.

Color: Grayish with greenish tinge above, silvery below with a longitudinal band from eye to caudal. Fins pale yellowish.

Head 2.9-3.1 in standard length, 3.5-3.8 in total length. Depth of body 6.2-6.8 in standard length, 7.4-8.0 in total length. Eye diameter 5.0-5.5 in head, 2.2-2.5 in snout and slightly more than interorbital space. Maxillaries not reaching front border of eye, 2.4-2.5 in head. Preopercle almost rectangular, its angle produced into a flexible flap. Operculum without spines. One gill raker anterior to the one at angle. Upper jaw with a series of small teeth and two canines on each side in front. Lower jaw with a series of larger vertical teeth and a symphysial canine. Palatines with 6-9 teeth, the anteriormost 2-3 canines. Origin of first dorsal fin anterior to a vertical through tip of pectoral fins and behind ventral fin insertion. Longest dorsal fin spine equal to or slightly longer than postorbital part of head and higher than soft dorsal. Ventral fin origin midway between tip of snout and end of base of anal fin. Distance from tip of depressed first dorsal fin to insertion of second dorsal fin less than length of maxillary. Pectoral fin longer than postorbital part of head. Ventral fin slightly shorter. Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: V; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: I, 9; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 8-9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 12; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 84-87; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 6-8+1+11.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Sphyraena obtusata Day, 1878
Sphyraenella chrysotaenia Smith, 1956
Sphyraena obtusata (non Cuvier, 1829)
(Misapplied name)
Sphyraenella chrysotaenia (Klunzinger, 1884)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Short Jawed Sea Pike (English)
• Fandiyarutholi (Mahl)
• Kolas (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Kuronuma, K and Abe, Y (1986) Fishes of the Arabian Gulf Fishes of the Arabian Gulf 1-356 Available at - ZOOR12500001320
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-08

Back to Search