Ostracion meleagris   Shaw,  1796 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Tetraodontiformes
Family:Ostraciidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 11.0 cm - 25.0 cm TL

Color: Dark brown with numerous white spots all over head, body, caudal peduncle and caudal fin. Fins brownish, sometimes pale white spots on basal half of dorsal and anal. White spots on ventral side confluent forming wavy lines in large specimens.

Head 3.8-3.9 in standard length, 4.6-4.7 in total length. Depth of body 2.9-3.2 in standard length, 3.6-3.9 in total length. Eye diameter 2.5-3.0 in head, 1.8-2.1 in snout and 2.3-2.5 in slightly concave interorbital space. Body four ridged, pelvic ridges being more prominent. Anterior opening of carapace less than diameter of eye. Longest rays of dorsal and anal fins 1.6-1.9 in head. Pectoral rays 1.5-1.6 in head. Sexually dimorphic. Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 9; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Ostracion camurum Jenkins, 1901
(Junior synonym)
Ostracion clippertonense Snodgrass & Heller, 1905
(Junior synonym)
Ostracion lentiginosus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Ostracion meleagris meleagris Shaw, 1796
(Senior synonym)
Ostracion punctatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Ostracion sebae Bleeker, 1851
(Junior synonym)
Ostracion lentiginosa Munro, 1956
Ostracion lentiginosum Smith, 1949
Ostracion punctatus Day, 1878

Common Name (s)
• Spotted Boxfish (English)
• Whitespotted Boxfish (English)
• Thombu (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, aquarium
Venomous)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Didemnid tunicates, polychaetes, sponges, mollusks, copepods, and algae

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• MALDIVES
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Hut Bay INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (1992) New records of tetraodontiform fishes from Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 8(1) 115-120 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2004) Community organization of reef fishes in the live coral sub-habitat of Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 51(1) 87-95 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/150/1/IJF_51_no.1_%2C2004_-_12.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-09

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