Stethojulis axillaris   (Quoy and Gaimard,  1824) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 29-118 mm

Color: Brownish with reddish tinge above, silvery below. A triangular creamy red spot in axil of pectoral. Two or three indistinct orange streaks from snout to opercular margin. A lateral band sometimes present with two or three blue edged black ocelli on caudal peduncle. Fins hyaline. In young specimens, a black spot anteriorly on mid-dorsal line of snout and another between last two dorsal rays.

Head 2.9-3.2 in standard length, 3.5-3.9 in total length. Depth of body 2.9-3.2 in standard length, 3.5-4.0 in total length. Eye diameter 1.6-2.2 in snout and 1.2-1.4 in convex interorbital space. Mouth small, horizontal. Maxillary not reaching to below anterior nostril. A single row of teeth in jaws. A short canine at angle of mouth. Lateral line continuous. Dorsal fin spines small and slender, the first spine less than diameter of eye and the last about an eye diameter and half. Dorsal fin rays slightly longer than the last spine. Pectoral fin equal to head without spine. Caudal fin rounded.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 11; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II-III, 10-11; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 12; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 26-27; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+9-10.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Julis axillaris (Quoy and Gaimard, 1824)
Julis axillaris Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Stethojulis axillaris de Beaufort, 1940
Julis (Halichoeres) bandanensis Bleeker, 1851
Stethojulis axillaris Bleeker, 1862
Stethojulis axillaris Gunther, 1881
Stethojulis axillaris Klunzinger, 1871
Stethojulis axillaris Jenkins, 1904
Stethojulis axillaris Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Stethojulis axillaris Jordan and Seale, 1906
Stethojulis bandanensis Jordan and Seale, 1907
Stethojulis bandanensis Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Stethojulis axillaris Snyder, 1912
Stethojulis axillaris M. Weber, 1913
Hinalea axillaris Whitely, 1927
Stethojulis axillaris Fowler and Bean, 1928
Stethojulis axillaris Fowler, 1928
Hinalea axillaris McCulloch, 1929
Stethojulis axillaris J. P. Schmidt, 1930
Stethojulis axillaris Herre, 1936
Stethojulis axillaris Fowler, 1938

Common Name (s)
• Hikkae
• Nhola
• Red-spot Wrasse
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish, bait fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Atoll (Lat: 8) (Long: 71) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Pillai, CSG; Gopakumar, G and Mohan, M (1991) Ichthyofauna of the intertidal reef flats of Minicoy atoll, Lakshadweep An analysis of its structure, relative abundance and food Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine Biological Association of India 34 74-83 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at -
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-05

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