Stethojulis phekadopleura [Status Unaccepted]   (Bleeker,  1849) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 20-119 mm.

Color: Reddish brown above with greyish tinge, creamy white below, the two colors well defined. Often a narrow line below eye. Upper sides of head and body with light brown spots. Three longitudinal rows of scales from below pectoral to above end of anal fin with brown spots. Usually a large brown spot at the end of lateral line. Fins hyaline.

Head 3.0-3.3 in standard length, 3.6-3.9 in total length. Depth of body 3.0-3.4 in standard length, 3.6-3.9 in total length. Snout about 2.8 in head. Eye diameter 1.8-2.2 in snout and 1.2-1.4 in slightly convex interorbital space. Teeth in a single row in both jaws; a canine at corner of mouth. Lateral line continuous. Pectoral fin equal to head without snout. Ventral fin much shorter than postorbital length of head. Mouth small, horizontal. Maxillary not reaching to below anterior nostril. Teeth in a single row, incisiviform. A short canine at corner of mouth. Head naked, excepting above, where the scales being above hind border of eye. Eight to ten series of scales before dorsal, these scales somewhat smaller than those of sides. Scales of thorax larger than those of sides. Dorsal spine stiff pungent. First spine slightly shorter than eye, last spine almost twice diameter of eye. First anal spine minute, third longest, not quite one eye diameter and a half. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Pectorals equal to head without snout, ventrals equal to snout. Caudal rounded.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 11; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 11; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 11; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 27-28; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+9.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Julis (Halichoeres) phekadopleura Bleeker, 1849
Stethojulis phekadopleura de Beaufort, 1940
Stethojulis phekadopleura Bleeker, 1862
Stethojulis phekadopleura Gunther, 1881
Stethojulis phekadopleura Jordan and Seale, 1906
Stethojulis phekadopleura Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Stethojulis phekadopleura Fowler and Bean, 1928
Stethojulis phekadopleura Fowler, 1928
Stethojulis phekadopleura P. J. Schmidt, 1930

Common Name (s)
• Hikkae
• Nhola
Economic Importance and Threats



• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Atoll (Lat: 8) (Long: 71) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Pitti INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Pillai, CSG; Gopakumar, G and Mohan, M (1991) Ichthyofauna of the intertidal reef flats of Minicoy atoll, Lakshadweep An analysis of its structure, relative abundance and food Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine Biological Association of India 34 74-83 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-05-31

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