Oxymonacanthus longirostris   (Bloch and Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Tetraodontiformes
Family:Monacanthidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Max. size: 12.0 cm TL

Color: Bluish green with three longitudinal yellowish bands on snout and yellowish round blotches on sides. Dorsal, anal and caudal fins clear; caudal with a dark vertical bar posteriorly on median rays.

Head 2.7-2.9 in standard length, 3.2-3.4 in total length. Depth of body 2.7-2.8 in standard length, 3.2-3.3 in total length. Eye diameter 4.4-4.7 in head, 2.9-3.3 in snout and 1.1-1.2 in convex interorbital space. Elongate and compressed, snout long, mouth dorsal. First dorsal spine above middle of eye, fully erectile, with barbs directed upwards on its anterior side and directed downwards on its posterior side, length of spine less than 3/5 of head. Second dorsal spine inconspicuous. Pectoral fin equal to 1ΒΌ of eye diameter. Ventral spine covered with spinules. Caudal fin slightly rounded. Caudal peduncle short, 2.1-2.3 in its depth. Scales very small, with backwardly directed spinules.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: II; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: 31-32; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 29-30; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 11.

Monogamous. Dioecious with external fertilization. Aggression is used commonly in courtship. Spawning commences when after swimming together in different tufts, the female concentrates on just one and begins to thrust repeatedly and pause. The male follows suit nuzzling the female. The female then drops into the algae and spawns, while the male releases the sperm beside her. The pair then swims back to their territory.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Balistes longirostris Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Balistes hispidus longirostris Bloch and Schneider, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Balistes hispidus var. longirostris Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Oxymonacanthus longirostris Jones and Kumaran, 1959
Oxymonocanthus longirostris (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Longnose Filefish (English)
• Thundigu Kalihi (Mahl)
• Chundan Karatti (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Acropora polyps

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• SEYCHELLES

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
  • Rao, DVS (2005) Comprehensive review of the records of the biota of the Indian Seas and the introduction of non-indigenous species Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. 15(2) 117-146 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aqc.659
  • Talwar, PK (1972) Oxymonacanthus longirostris (Schneider) [Aluteridae] and Bothus mancus (Broussonet) [Bothidae] two new records of fishes from India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 14 861-871
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Mark, SD and Jarvis, GE (2002) The impact of the 1998 coral mortality on reef fish communities in the Seychelles Marine Pollution Bulletin 44 309-321 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-13

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