Stethojulis trilineata   (Bloch and Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 14.6-15 cm.

Color: Bluish to violet above and bluish white below. A light bluish band from occiput, along base of dorsal fin to the base of last dorsal fin ray; one from snout across eye, along the lateral line to the base of caudal fin; a band from upper lip, along lower border of eye, above base of pectoral fin and ending about six scales behind head; and another from below corner of mouth to the base of caudal. These bands are reddish blue and sometimes bordered with darker on head and pearly white on body. Fins pale to hyaline, dorsal with a median brown longitudinal band.

Head 2.8-3.1 in standard length, 3.4-3.7 in total length. Depth of body 2.8-3.2 in standard length, 3.6-3.9 in total length. Snout 2.7-2.9 in head. Eye diameter 1.9-2.3 in snout and 1.4-1.5 in convex interorbital space. A single series of teeth in jaws. First dorsal fin spine almost equal to eye diameter. First anal fin spine minute or wanting and the third much more than eye diameter. Lateral line continuous. Pectoral fin equal to head without snout.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 11 (12); number of spines and rays in the anal fin: (II) III, 11; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 11-12; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 27-28; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+8-9.

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders. Pelagic spawner.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Labrus trilineata Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Halichoeres sebae Kner, 1860
(Junior synonym)
Halichoeres trilineata (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
(Senior synonym)
Julis phekadopleura Bleeker, 1849
(Junior synonym)
Julis sebanus Valenciennes, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Labrus trilineatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Stethojulis filholi Sauvage, 1880
(Junior synonym)
Stethojulis phekadopleura (Bleeker, 1849)
(Junior synonym)
Stethojulis trilineatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
(Senior synonym)
Labrus trilineatus Bloch and Schneider, 1802
Stethojulis trilineata de Beaufort, 1940
Julis (Halichoeres) casturi Bleeker, 1852
Stethojulis trilineata Gunther, 1862
Stethojulis trilineata Bleeker, 1862
Stethojulis trilineata Klunzinger, 1871
Platyglossus trilineatus Peters, 1876
Stethojulis trilineata Gunther, 1881
Stethojulis trilineata Fowler, 1928
Stethojulis trilineata Fowler and Bean, 1928
Stethojulis phekadoleura (Bleeker, 1849)
Stethojulis triliniata (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Common Name (s)
• Fourline Wrasse (English)
• Threeline Rainbowfish (English)
• Hikkae (Mahl)
• Nhola (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
(Fisheries, aquarium, Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Hut Bay INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at -
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (1992) Some new records of wrasses ( Family: Labridae) from A&N Islands Journal of the Andaman science association Andaman science association, Port Blair 8(1) 43-46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-06-02

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