Therapon jarbua [Status Unaccepted]   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Tonga

Size: 25.2 cm.

Color: Brownish-gray above, silvery below, three dark longitudinal, downward curved bands, the first from origin of dorsal to anterior rays, the second from nape to upper surface of caudal peduncle, the third, the narrowest, from occiput to middle of caudal peduncle, continued on caudal, which has beside above and below an oblique blackish bar and the upper lobe tipped with black. Between fourth and eighth dorsal spine a large black blotch, margin of soft dorsal with two or three dusky spots.

Height 2.6 to about 3 in length, head 3 to 3.6, its rostro-dorsal profile somewhat arched, the blunt snout being somewhat convex, the strongly ridged vertex running nearly straight to dorsal. Eye about 3.5 to 4 in head (without opercular spine). about equal to flat inter orbital space, its diameter sub equal to or somewhat longer than snout. Nostrils approximate, separated about by the distance of their own length, the anterior valvular, smaller than the posterior triangular one. Prae-orbital conspicuously serrated. Jaws equal, maxillary reaching to below pupil. Praeoperculum serrate, strongest at its rounded angle, which in youth is provided with 2 strong spines of about half length of eye, while the upper hind border is still entire. Operculum with 2 spines, the upper obsolete, the lower enlarged, produced beyond the opercular lobe. Coracoid with 5 coarse teeth, suprascapular bone exposed, finely serrate. Gillrakers short, snout 8+13 or 7+14. About 14-15 transverse scales above lateral line. Teeth in jaws in villiform bands, an outer series enlarged, conical, in slender row on vomer and palatines, deciduous, in old specimens wanting. Dorsal deeply notched, the penultimate spine shorter than the ultimate, the first spine small, rudimentary or in some races even wanting, accordingly 11 or 12 spines present, third to fifth or fourth to sixth spines the longest, mush higher than soft-rayed portion which is angulate behind, its margin straight or somewhat emarginate. Anal with the second and third spine subequal, the soft portion with its margin more or less emarginate. Both fins with low scaly sheath. Anal deeply concave, with 15 divided rays. Pectorals short, asymmetrically rounded, less than twice in head, ventrals acute, one and a half in head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Coius trivittatus Hamilton, 1822
Grammistes servus Bloch, 1790
Holocentrus jarbua Forsskal, 1775
Holocentrus servus Bloch, 1790
Pterapon trivittatus Gray, 1846
Sciaena jarbua Forsskal, 1775
Stereolepis inoko Schmidt, 1931
Terapon jarbua Forsskal, 1775
Terapon servus Bloch, 1790
Terapon timorensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
Therapon farna Bleeker, 1879
Therapon servus Bloch, 1790
Sciaena jarbua Forsskal, 1775
Coius trivittatus Hamilton Buchanan, 1822
Therapon servus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Pterapon trivittatus Richardson, 1842
Therapon trivittatus Cantor, 1850
Therapon servus Gunther, 1859
Therapon servus Kner, 1867
Therapon jarbua Klunzinger, 1870
Therapon (Datnia) jarbua Bleeker, 1876
Therapon jarbua Day, 1888
Therapon servus Macleay, 1881
Therapon jarbua Klunzinger, 1884
Therapon jarbua Jordan and Evermann, 1902
Terapon jarbua Jordan and Seale, 1907
Therapon jarbua Gilchrist and Thompson, 1908
Therapon servus Jordan and Thompson, 1912
Therapon jarbua M. Weber, 1913
Therapon jarbua Boulenger, 1915
Therapon servus Ogilby and McCulloch, 1916
Therapon servus McCulloch, 1916
Therapon jarbua Fowler and Bean, 1922
Therapon jarbua Chaudhuri, 1923
Therapon jarbua Barnard, 1927
Therapon jarbua Fowler, 1928
Therapon jarbua Duncker and Mohr, 1929

Common Name (s)
• Borguni (Bengali)
• Jeerpye (Bengali)
• Squeaking Perch (English)
• Thonfish (English)
• Thornfish (English)
• Threestripe Tigerfish (English)
• Boorgooni (English)
• Crescent Banded Tiger Fish (English)
• Cresent Grunter (English)
• Cresent Perch (English)
• Jarbua (English)
• Jarbua Terapon (English)
• Tigerfish (English)
• Crescent Perch (English)
• Crescent Banded Grunter (English)
• Three Striped Tiger Fish (English)
• Tiger Perch (English)
• Garangeta (Gujarati)
• Naida (Gujarati)
• Baam (Hindi)
• Keeli (Kannada)
• Keeri (Malayalam)
• Kotha (Malayalam)
• Marakkeri (Malayalam)
• Kallakeedam (Malayalam)
• Naveri (Marathi)
• Naveri Hajam (Marathi)
• Kovakeechan (Tamil)
• Mattakkeechan (Tamil)
• Palinkeechan (Tamil)
• Palin Keetchan (Tamil)
• Pootankeeli (Tamil)
• Chavathinnikeeli (Tamil)
• Keechan (Tamil)
• Baikeeli (Telugu)
• Ganam (Telugu)
• Kilipothu (Telugu)
• Samudrakili (Telugu)
• Galikooru
• Grangta
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine


• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Nandi, NC; Das, SR; Bhuinya, S and Dasgupta, JM (1993) Wetland faunal resources of West Bengal, I., north and south 24-Parganas districts Occasional paper no 150 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 18264
  • Ghosh, TK (2002) Ranking of fishes harvested from creeks at Dahanu in west coast of India AFSIB, Mangalore and AoA, Bhubaneswar 319-326 Available at - NCL, Pune
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  • Tonga Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at -
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Panikkar, NK and Aiyar, RG (1937) The brackish water fauna of Madras Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India 6(5) 284-337 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-27

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