Terebella ehrenbergi   Gravier,  1906 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Terebellida
Family:Terebellidae

Description
Size: 30-40 mm. by 2.5 mm.

Color: Pink tentacles with pigment streaks or annular bands.

Eyes conspicuous. Three pairs of gills. 13 ventral scutes. The dorsal setae are absent in the last segments. Posterior bristles with broadly winged tips minutely pectinate and spirally twisted. Uncini biserial with 2-3 main teeth above the fang and 2-3 rows of small denticles. Nephridial papillae long on segments 3, 6, 7 and 8, short and little conspicuous on segments 9, 10, 11 and 12. The nephridial papilla between the 1st and 2nd pair of gills is long and erect.


Synonym (s)
Terebella cf. ehrenbergi Ben-Eliahu, 1976
Terebella ehrenbergi Amoureux et al., 1980
Terebella ehrenbergi Fauvel, 1933
Terebella ehrenbergi Fishelson & Rullier, 1969
Terebella ehrenbergi Gravier, 1905
Terebella ehrenbergi Grube, 1869
Terebella ehrenbergi Hartman, 1974
Terebella ehrenbergi Holthe, 1986
Terebella ehrenbergi Potts, 1928
Terebella ehrenbergii Day, 1962

Common Name (s)
• Lugworm (English)
• Ragworm (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Point Calimere INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Harkantra, SN and Rodrigues, NR (2003) Pattern of species succession of soft-bottom macrofauna in the estuaries of Goa, west coast of India Current Science 85(10) 1458-1464 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (1995) Hugali Matla estuary: West Bengal ZSI, Kolkatta 1-542
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Fauvel, P (1941) On a small collection of Annelida Polychaeta of the Indian Museum, Calcutta Records of the Indian Museum ZSI, Calcutta 42 253-268 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Day, JH (1973) Polychaeta collected by U. D. Gaikwad at Ratnagiri south of Bombay Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 52(4) 337-361 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Gunalan, B and Babu, R (2010) Seasonal abundance of macro benthic composition and diversity along the south east coast of India European Journal of Applied Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 1-5 Available at - www.idosi.org/ejas/2(1)10/1.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ghosh, A (1963) On a collection of polychaeta from the south-east coast of India with a new eunicid record Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 5(2) 239-245 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-03

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