Ulua mentalis   (Cuvier,  1833) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall.J.E.

Max. size: 85 cm

Color: Body olive green above, silvery white below; dusky patch behind corner of mouth; lower jaw white. First dorsal fin hyaline, other fins greenish with darker anterior margins.

A deep bodied, oval and strongly compressed carangid. Head profile strongly arched above eyes, especially in large adults. Jaws highly protrusible, lower jaw much longer than upper, increasingly projecting beyond upper jaw in larger fishes and forms a prominent chin; maxilla reaching to below middle of eye, sometimes only to pupil. Single row of minute teeth in jaws. Gill rakers numerous, extremely long and feathery, projecting into mouth alongside tongue; 50 to 59 gill rakers on lower arm of first arch. Two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with 6 to 8 spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 20 or 21 soft rays. Dorsal fin base slightly longer than anal fin base; soft dorsal and anal fins elevated anteriorly. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 17 or 18 soft rays. Pectoral fins falcate, extending to middle of anal fin base. Breast naked from behind base of pelvic fins to pectoral fins. Lateral line moderately arched, joins lateral line straight under 8th to 11th soft dorsal rays, curved anterior part slightly shorter than straight portion; 29 to 33 scutes present.

Synonym (s)
Carasx mentalis Cuvier, 1833
Ulua mandibularis (Macleay) : Luther, 1971
Caranx mandibularis Macleay, 1882
(Junior synonym)
Caranx mentalis Cuvier, 1833
(Senior synonym)
Ulua mandibularis (Macleay, 1882)
(Junior synonym)
Ulua mentalis (Cuvier, 1833)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Long Rakered Trevally (English)
• Cale Cale Trevally (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries and gamefish. Marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans, fishes and bivalves


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman Sea INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-04-11

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