Vinciguerria lucetia   (Garman,  1899) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Stomiiformes
Family:Phosichthyidae

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Description
Size: Max length 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; common length : 4.5 cm TL male/unsexed

Color: Blackish above, sides of head and body silvery. A black spot at the end of the tail and some short black transverse stripes on back.

Eye oval, equal to the pointed snout, twice as long as the slightly concave inter-orbital space. Gape of mouth wide. Upper jaw ventrally rounded, posteriorly dilated, surpassing posterior border of eye. Lower jaw with a prominent symphysial angle, its inferior posterior angle prominent, enclosed between the marillaries. Origin of dorsal in middle of length or slightly before it, its 8th ray above about the origin of anal, which is situated at the beginning of the last thord of the length. Short adipose fin slightly behind the vertical through end of anal. Pectorals far below middle of height, below posterior part of operculum, not reaching the ventrals, which originate before the middle of the bady and before the dorsal and do not reach the anal. Caudal long, deeply forked. Anus slightly before anal. In the jaws a series of small unequal teeth, slightly increasing in size before backward. 4-5 in a series on the palatines, scales thin, cycloid. Luminous organs: 2 suborbital organs, an anterior entirely black one, below the interspace between nostril and eye, the other below the backportion of the orbit. 3 operculars, 2 above each other at the praeopercular margin: a posterior behind the lower anterior, one on eash side behind the symphysis, 8-9 between branchiostegal rays. A ventral series of 21-23 between branchiostegal rays. A ventral series of 21-23 between isthmus and ventrals, of 8-10 between ventrals and anal and of 12-13 between origin of anal and caudal of which the 6 or 7 posterior are situated behind the anal. In the lateral series 11-13 between operculum and the vertical through the ventrals, from here to the vertical through the ventrals, from here to the vertical through origin of anal 5-9.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders. Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae.

Max. age reported: 3 years

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Maurolicus lucetius Garman, 1899
Vinciguerria lucetia Brauer, 1906
Vinciguerria lucetia Zugmayer, 1911
Vinciguerria lucetia Max Weber, 1913
Maurolicus lucetius Garman, 1899
(Senior synonym)
Vinciguerria lucetia Weber and de Beaufort, 1913
Vinciguerria lucetius (Garman, 1899)
(Misspelling)
Vinciguerria lutecia (Garman, 1899)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Bristle Mouth
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zooplankton
Predator:  Stenella attenuata (dolphin)

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep Sea INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 20-420 mts)
• Arabian Sea INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 20-420 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Johnson, RK and Feltes, RM (1984) A new species of Vinciguerria (Salmoniformes: Photichthyidae) from the Red Sea and Gulf of Aquaba, with comments on the depauperacy of the Red Sea mesopelagic fish fauna Fieldiana Zoology (No. 22) 12785
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5269/1/43.pdf
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-08

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