Amphicteis gunneri   (M. Sars,  1835) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Polychaeta

Image copyrights: Centro Polivalente di Educazione Ambientale of Piombino (Livorno, Italy)

Size: 20-40 mm. by 3-5 mm.

Color: Pink or yellowish with white dots and brown spots.

17 thoracic setigerous and 15 abdominal uncinigerous segments. Numerous eyespots. Golden paleae straight or curved at the tips, which are more or less tapering. Gills inserted on the first and second segments in two close set groups of four each. Feet with a clavate papilla at the ventral edge distally. Abdominal pinnules with a dorsal short process; the dorsal cirri replace the absent dorsal ramus. Uncini with a single row of 4-7 teeth. Tube membranous, coated with mud.

Synonym (s)
Amphicteis gunneri Amoureux, 1983
Amphicteis gunneri Fauvel, 1932
Amphicteis gunneri Holthe, 1986
Amphicteis gunneri Kiseleva, 1971
Amphicteis gunneri Monro, 1937
Amphitrite gunneri Sars, 1835
Amphicteis gunneri Fauvel, 1927
Amphicteis curvipalea Claparede, 1870
(Heterotypic synonym)
Amphicteis groenlandica Grube, 1860
(Heterotypic synonym)
Amphicteis gunneri japonica McIntosh, 1885
(Homotypic synonym)
Amphicteis japonica McIntosh, 1885
(Heterotypic synonym)
Crossostoma midas Gosse, 1855
(Heterotypic synonym)
Amphicteis gunneri (Sars, 1835)
(Senior synonym)
Amphicteis gunneri var. atlantica McIntosh, 1885
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Predator:  Hippoglossoides platessoides (fish)


• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary (Lat: 16.63) (Long: 82.3) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• Gulf of Oman
• Bay of Bengal
• Red Sea
• Gulf of Aden
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• Orissa Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Sunil Kumar, R A checklist of polychaete species some mangroves of Asia Zoos' Print Journal 18(2) 1017-1020
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at -
  • Kumar, RS (1995) Macrobenthos in the mangrove ecosystem of Cochin backwaters, Kerala (southwest coast of India) Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 24 56-61 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Raj, PJS, Tilak, JL and Kalaimani, G (2002) Experiments in restoration of benthic biodiversity in Pulicat Lake, south India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 37-45 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at -
  • Jayaraj, KA; Josia, J and Kumar, PKD (2008) Infaunal Macrobenthic Community of Soft Bottom Sediment in a Tropical Shelf Journal of Coastal Research CERF 24(3) 708–718 Available at -
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-04-18

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