Euclymene annandalei   Southern,  1921 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:
Family:Maldanidae

Description
Length: 3-5 cm

Slender worms with 21 setigerous segments and two anal segments without setae, prostomium small with an oval cephalic plate having a central keel with muchal groove. The cephalic plate is notched laterally and crenated posteriorly. Three anterior segments with dorsal capillaries and a single acicular hook ventrally. In the remaining segments the ventral acicular hook is replaced by several stalked uncini each with 4-5 teeth; Pygidium funnel shaped with cirri around, of which the ventromedian is long. Circular bands of pink and green color in live specimens. Specimens enclosed in thin delicate tubes of fine sand.


Synonym (s)
Clymene (Euclymene) annandalei Wesenberg-Lund 1949
Clymene (Euclymene) annandalei Fauvel 1951
Euclymene annandalei Hartman 1959
Euclymene annandalei Hartman 1974
Euclymene annandalei Southern 1921
Clymene (Euchlymene) Annandalei Fauvel 1932
Euchymene annandalei Day 1969

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Orissa, Rambha INDIA
• Orissa, Barakuda INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Orissa, Subarnarekha estuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Sunil Kumar, R A checklist of polychaete species some mangroves of Asia Zoos' Print Journal 18(2) 1017-1020
  • (1995) Hugali Matla estuary: West Bengal ZSI, Kolkatta 1-542
  • Eibye-Jacobson, D (Ed) (2002) Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Polychaetes of the Andaman Sea, Phuket Marine Biological Center, Department of Fisheries, Thailand, 3 June-27 August 1997 Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication no. 24 Phuket Marine Biological Center, Phuket, Thailand 424 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balasubramanian, T Lagoons of India Environmental Information System Centre, Envis Publication Series: 3/2001 105 pp Available at - http://aucasmbenvis.org/files/04-Publications/lagoon%20status.pdf
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Southern, R (1921) Fauna of the Chilka lake (Polychaeta of the Chilka lake and also of fresh and brackish waters in other parts of India) Memoirs of the Indian Museum Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Khan, AS and Murugesan, P (2005) Polychaete diversity in Indian estuaries Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 114-119 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/1548
  • Rao, CAN (1995) Annelida: Polychaeta Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 319-336 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Cory Pittman and Pauline Fiene Sea slugs of Hawai'i Available at - http://seaslugsofhawaii.com/
  • Balasubramanyan, K (1994) Micro-invertebrate benthic fauna of Pichavaram mangroves Conservation of mangrove forest genetic resources: A training manual Available at - http://idl-bnc.idrc.ca/dspace/bitstream/10625/33954/1/118818.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Nagarjuna, A; Kumar,NVN; Kalarani, V and Reddy, DC (2010) Aquatic and avian biodiversity of Pulicat brackish water lake and ecological degradation World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (2) 118-123 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms2%282%2910/8.pdf
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Musale, AS and Desai, DV (2011) Distribution and abundance of macrobenthic polychaetes along the south Indian coast Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer 178(1-4) 423-436 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1701-3
  • Mitra, S (2010) Habitat and population density of Lingula anatina (Brachiopoda) - A living fossil from subarnarekha estuary, orissa Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 140 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-21

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