Haematopus ostralegus   Linnaeus,  1758 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Pbase

Size: 42-46 cm.

Voice: A loud piping pi..peep.

Habits: Occurs in scattered flocks on seashore with other waders, runs about on intertidal sand, in search of food.

Sexes alike, a striking black and white bird with stout red legs, long straight orange-red snipe-like bill, blunt at tip. Non-breeding (first winter), White-collar present on foreneck, can be distinguished in flight by broad white band across the black wings.

Nesting: Only once recorded within Indo-Bangladesh limits( Khulna Sudarbans), in April. Nest- a scrape on an open sandbank paved with shells and pebbles. Eggs- 3 or 4, brownish buff spotted with black and dark grey, somewhat more heavily at the broad end.

Synonym (s)
Haematopus maedewaldoi (Bannerman, 1913)

Common Name (s)
• Eurasian Oystercatcher (English)
• Oystercatcher (English)
• Eurasian Oystercatcher (English)
• Yerra kali ulanka (Telugu)
• Kalwa foda (Marathi)
• Daraiai abalakh, Abalakh (Gujrati)
• Darya gajpaon (Hindi)
• European Oystercatcher (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(The main threat to the species is the over-fishing of benthic shellfish and the resulting disappearance of intertidal mussel and cockle beds. The species is also threatened by habitat degradation on its wintering grounds due to land reclamation, pollution, human disturbance (e.g. from construction work), coastal barrage construction and reduced river flows.)
Threats:  Natural threats
(The species is susceptible to avian influenza so may be threatened by future outbreaks of the virus.)

Habitat:  Estuarine, Rocky, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Carnivorous, mainly marine molluscs, annelids ans crustaceans.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Goa, Velsao beach INDIA (Record: 20/12/1980)
• Goa, Ashvem INDIA
• Goa, Morjim beach INDIA
• Goa, Chapora Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Anjuna INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA (Record: 08/1986 - 07/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Port INDIA
• Gujarat, Bet Dwarka INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Birds Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at - http://www.sanctuaryasia.com/resources/speciechklist/bird.php
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Sampath, K and Krishnamurthy, K (1990) Shorebirds (Charadriiformes) of the Pichavaram Mangroves, Tamil Nadu, India Wader Study Group Bulletin 58 24-27 Available at - http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/IWSGB/n058/p00024-p00027.pdf
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Nayak, A.K. (2006) Status of migratory shorebirds at Bhitarkanika and Chilika wetlands on the east coast of India Waterbirds around the world. Eds. G.C. Boere, C.A. Galbraith & D.A. Stroud The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK 305-307pp Available at - http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/PDF/pub07_waterbirds_part3.5.16.pdf
  • European environmental agency Available at - http://eunis.eea.europa.eu/
  • Urfi AJ (2002) Waders and other wetland birds on Byet Dwarka Island, Gulf of Kutch, western India Wader Study Group Bull. 31-34 Available at - http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/IWSGB/v099/p00031-p00034.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-07-04

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