Eunice afra   Peters,  1855 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Polychaeta

Size: 120-250 mm.

Color: Dark colored, more or less spotted with white dots, sometimes a clear collar on the fourth setigerous segment.

Tentacles smooth. Gills begin on 14-15 setiger and continue nearly to the end, pectinate, attain 4-5 filaments in the middle, posteriorly simple. Acicula very dark, thick, straight and pointed. Subacicular hooks less dark, distally bidentate. Accessory tooth in the composite bidentate falciger as equal as or slightly larger than the distal tooth. Pectinate setae strongly asymmetrical.
The animal is strongly phosphorescent when alive.

Synonym (s)
Eunice afra Amoureux et al., 1978
Eunice afra Fauchald, 1992
Eunice afra Fauvel, 1919
Eunice afra Fauvel, 1957
Eunice afra Fauvel, 1955
Eunice afra Fauvel, 1951
Eunice afra Fauvel, 1932
Eunice afra Fauvel, 1958
Eunice afra Fishelson & Rullier, 1969
Eunice afra Hartman, 1974
Eunice afra Kiseleva, 1971
Eunice afra Wesenberg-Lund, 1949
Eunice collaris Grube, 1869

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Red Sea
• Gulf of Aden
• Gulf of Oman
• Arabian Gulf
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar, Malacca Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Manauli Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at -
  • Fauchald, K (1992) A review of the genus Eunice (Polychaeta: Eunicidae) based upon type material Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 523 1-422 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Tampi, PRS and Rangarajan, K (1964) Some polychaetous Annelids from the Andaman waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 6(1) 98-123 Available at -
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at -
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ghosh, A (1963) On a collection of polychaeta from the south-east coast of India with a new eunicid record Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 5(2) 239-245 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-03

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