Remora remora   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Bryan, D.

Size: 40.0-86.4 cm TL

Max. published weight: 1,070 gm

Color: Head, body and median fins brown; pectoral fin lighter near tip.

Body moderately robust. Head 3.5-3.7 in standard length, 4.3-4.6 in total length. Depth of body 6.6-7.5 in standard length, 8.1-9.2 in total length. Eye diameter 7.0-7.3 in head and 2.8-3.0 in snout. Maxillary reaching behind a vertical from nostrils. Lower jaw not produced in a flap. Teeth in jaws and on vomer in villiform bands; outer row of teeth in lower jaw larger. Sucking disc with 17 laminae, 3.2-3.3 in total length, about 1.4 times of head, its breadth twice in its length. Disc not extending posteriorly as far as end of depressed pectoral fin. Second dorsal fin commencing midway between base of pectoral fin and base of caudal fin. Pectoral fin rounded, equal to slightly longer than snout and eye together. Ventral fins broadly adnate to the abdomen, shorter than pectoral fin. Caudal fin slightly forked.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: 23-24; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 24; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 24; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; gill raker count: 4-5+1+24-26.

Usually associated with sharks but also attaches itself to other large fishes, sea turtles and even ships, found in gill chambers, fins and body surface.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Echeneis remora Linnaeus, 1758
Remora remora Smith, 1949
Echeneis borboniensis Guichenot, 1863
(Junior synonym)
Echeneis bourboniensis Dumeril, 1858
(Ambiguous synonym)
Echeneis nubifera Tanaka, 1915
(Junior synonym)
Echeneis parva Gronow, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Echeneis postica Poey, 1860
(Junior synonym)
Echeneis remeligo Guichenot, 1863
(Junior synonym)
Echeneis remeligo Dumeril, 1858
(Ambiguous synonym)
Echeneis remora Linnaeus, 1758
(Senior synonym)
Echeneis remoroides Bleeker, 1855
(Junior synonym)
Echeneis squalipeta Daldorff, 1793
(Junior synonym)
Echeneis remiligo Guichenot, 1863

Common Name (s)
• Common Remora (English)
• Remora (English)
• Shark Sucker (English)
• Kuski (Konkani)
• Keesakam (Malayalam)
• Kottar Keesakam (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Parasitic copepods
Predator:  Sea birds (Anous stolidus, Sterna fuscata)


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 11.66) (Long: 74.93) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 63 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Garpe, KC and Ohman, MC (2003) Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island marine park Tanzania fish habitat interactions Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 498 191-211 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Rajasegar, M and Sendhilkumar, R (2009) Finfish Resources of Karaikal,South East Coast of India World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 1 (4) 330-332 Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-13

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