Perinereis nuntia   (Savigny in Lamarck,  1818) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Polychaeta

Image copyrights: FISHING TRIP

Size: Length 100 mm.

Longest tentacular cirri reaching up to setiger 10-12. Pharyngeal paragnaths arranged as: Gr I = 1-2 cones in a line; Gr II and IV = clusters of several cones; Gr III = rectangular patch; Gr V = 3 cones in a triangle; Gr VI = curved row of 6-10 small cones on each side; Gr VII and VIII = 2-3 irregular rows. Dorsal ligule of posterior parapodia enlarged.

Synonym (s)
Lycoris nuntia Savigny, 1826
Lycoris nuntia Savigny, 1822
Lycoris nuntia Savigny in Lamarck, 1818
Neanthes nuntia Fauvel, 1911
Neanthes nuntia Gravier, 1902
Neanthes nuntia Gravier, 1899
Nereis nuntia Gravier, 1906
Nereis nuntia Quatrefages, 1866
Perinereis heterodonta Fauvel, 1911
Perinereis heterodonta Gravier, 1902
Perinereis heterodonta Gravier, 1899
Perinereis nuntia Ben-Eliahu, 1972
Perinereis nuntia Ben-Eliahu, 1991
Perinereis nuntia Fauvel, 1958
Perinereis nuntia Fauvel, 1933
Perinereis nuntia Fauvel, 1927
Perinereis nuntia Fauvel, 1951
Perinereis nuntia Fauvel, 1957
Perinereis nuntia Fishelson, 1971
Perinereis nuntia Fishelson & Rullier, 1969
Perinereis nuntia Mohammad, 1971
Perinereis nuntia Monro, 1939
Perinereis nuntia Wilson & Glasby, 1993
Perinereis nuntia djiboutiensis Hartman, 1974
Perinereis nuntia heterodonta Fishelson & Rullier, 1969
Perinereis nuntia heterodonta Hartman, 1974
Perinereis nuntia heterodonta Mohammad, 1971
Perinereis nuntia var. djiboutiensis Fauvel, 1919
Perinereis nuntia var. heterodonta Day, 1965
Perinereis nuntia var. heterodonta Fauvel, 1919
Perinereis nuntia var. heterodonta Fauvel, 1953
Perinereis nuntia var. heterodonta Mohammad, 1980
Perinereis nuntia var. heterodonta Monro, 1939
Perinereis nuntia var. typica Fauvel, 1932
Lycoris nuntia Savigny, 1820
Perinereis nuntia Fauvel, 1919
Perinereis nuntia (Savigny, 1818)
(Senior synonym)
Lycoris nuntia Savigny, 1818
(Senior synonym)
Perinereis nuntia brevicirris (Grube, 1867)
(Senior synonym)
Perinereis nuntia majungaensis Fauvel, 1921
(Senior synonym)
Perinereis nuntia vallata (Grube, 1857)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Lugworm (English)
• Ragworm (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 13/04/1984)
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban backwaters INDIA
• Orissa, Chandipur INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur, Junput INDIA (Record: 07/2000-06/2002)
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Goa, Ribandar INDIA (Record: 1982-1983) (Depth: -10 mts)
• Palk Bay INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Misra, A and Chakraborty, A (1983) Further records of polychaetes from Gujarat coast Records of the Zoological Survey of India 81(1-2) 69-75 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at -
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Saad, MAH (1984) Proceedings of the Symposium on Coral Reef environment of the Red Sea King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia 1-681 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Parulekar, AH; Dhargalkar, VK and Singbal, SYS (1980) Benthic studies in Goa estuaries: Part III- Annual cycle of macrofaunal distribution, production and trophic relations Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 9 189-200 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • A guide to Singapore Polychaetes Available at -
  • Anzari, ZA; Ingole, BS and Parulekar, AH (1986) Effect of high organic enrichment of benthic polychaete population in an estuary Marine Pollution Bulletin 17 361-365 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Misra, A and Chakraborty, RK (1991) Annelida: Polychaeta State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 137-165 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Chandra, A and Chakraborty, SK (2008) Distribution, density and community ecology of macrobenthic intertidal polychaetes in the coastal tract of Midnapore, West Bengal, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 7-16 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Ansari, ZA., Ingole, BS and Furtado, R. (2003) Response of benthic fauna to different pollutants: Some case studies and relevance of benthos to environmental impact assessment Recent advances in environmental science Discovery Publishing House; New Delhi (India) 422-428 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Parulekar, AH., Ansari, ZA and Ingole, BS. (1986) Effect of mining activities on the clam fisheries and bottom fauna of Goa estuaries Proceedings of the Indian Academy of science (Animal Science) 1986 325-339 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ghosh, A (1963) On a collection of polychaeta from the south-east coast of India with a new eunicid record Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 5(2) 239-245 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-03

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