Amphinome rostrata   (Kinberg,  1867) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Amphinomida
Family:Amphinomidae

Image copyrights: RIMI

Description
Size: Max length 85 mm; max width 9 mm with 45 setigers

Color: Body bluish-grey, cirri and gills red.

Body square in section. Prostomium small rounded, with two eyes. Caruncle smooth or slightly plaited. Median tentacle short, inserted on the anterior margin of the caruncle. Lateral tentacles short, subulate. Palps conical. Bushy gills from the 2nd or 3rd setigerous segment. Dorsal cirrus inserted under the branchial cluster. Dorsal setae of two kinds:
(1) long, slender, more or less serrated at the tip;
(2) stouter bristles with lateral fangs (glochidiate setae, harpoon shaped).
Ventral setae few 5-7 uncinate. Acicula with a terminal knob.


Synonym (s)
Amphinome rostrata Fauvel, 1955
Amphinome rostrata Hartman, 1959
Amphinome rostrata McIntosh, 1885
Amphinome (Plerone) tetraedra (Bruguiere, 1789)
(Homotypic synonym)
Amphinome lepadis Verrill, 1885
(Heterotypic synonym)
Amphinome luzoniae Kinberg, 1867
(Heterotypic synonym)
Amphinome natans Kinberg, 1867
(Heterotypic synonym)
Amphinome pallasii Quatrefages, 1866
(Heterotypic synonym)
Amphinome quatrefagesi Kinberg, 1867
(Heterotypic synonym)
Amphinome tetraedra Bruguiere, 1789
(Heterotypic synonym)
Aphrodita rostrata Pallas, 1766
(Basionym)
Asloegia capillata Kinberg, 1867
(Heterotypic synonym)
Colonianella rostrata Kinberg, 1867
(Junior homonym)
Pleione tetraedra (Bruguiere, 1789)
(Homotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Rocky

Biogeography


• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters (Lat: 9.97) (Long: 76.22) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• INDONESIA
• Red Sea
• Andaman Sea (Depth: -204.82 mts)
• Orissa, Puri INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Khan, AS and Murugesan, P (2005) Polychaete diversity in Indian estuaries Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 114-119 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/1548
  • Sheeba, P Distribution of benthic infauna in the Cochin backwaters in relation to environmental parameters (Ph. D thesis-Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India) 241 pp Available at - Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (1988) Research Institute of Marine Invertebrates Available at - http://www.rimi.or.jp/english/indexen.html
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-04-12

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