Harmothoe imbricata   (Linnaeus,  1767) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Polychaeta

Image copyrights: Dirk Schories

Size: Length 30-40 mm by 10 mm.

Prostomium bilobed, with frontal peaks. 4 eyes, the anterior pair partly under the frontal peaks. Lateral tentacles very short and slender. Two pairs of eyes, the large anterior pair partly under the frontal peaks and the small posterior pair at the hind margin of prostomium.Tentacles and cirri papillated. 15 pairs of elytra, oval-reniform, sparsely fringed, with small conical tubercles and often a row of large globular papillae on the posterior border. Dorsal setae stout, slightly curved, serrated, with a smooth apex. Ventral setae spinulous, curved, the apex of which is smooth, bidentate with the secondary tooth curved outwards. 15 pairs of elytra commencing on second setiger, soft, translucent, covering the entire back; Elytra with short, cylindrical papillae at the posterior border. The surface of the elytra covered with a number of small, conical, excavated papillae and short cylindrical papillae. Dorsal and ventral cirri with many short, cylindrical papillae on the surface.

Synonym (s)
Harmothoe imbricata Amoureux et. al., 1978
Harmothoe imbricata Barnich & Fiege, 2000
Harmothoe imbricata Fishelson & Rullier, 1969
Harmothoe imbricata Hartmann - Schroder, 1960
Harmothoe imbricata Fauvel, 1923
Aphrodita cirrata Muller, 1776
(Subjective synonym)
Aphrodita imbricata Linnaeus, 1767
(Objective synonym)
Aphrodita lepidota Pallas, 1766
(Subjective synonym)
Aphrodita lepidota minuta Pennant, 1777
(Subjective synonym)
Aphrodita plana Gmelin in Linnaeus, 1788
(Subjective synonym)
Aphrodita varians Dalyell, 1853
(Subjective synonym)
Aphrodita violacea Strom in Malmgren, 1865
(Subjective synonym)
Harmothoe hartmanae Pettibone, 1948
(Subjective synonym)
Harmothoe imbricata incerta (Bobretzky, 1881)
(Junior synonym)
Harmothoe levis Treadwell, 1937
(Subjective synonym)
Harmothoe maxillospinosa de Saint-Joseph, 1888
Harmothoe unicolor Baird, 1865
(Subjective synonym)
Harmothoe vesiculosa Ditlevsen, 1917
(Subjective synonym)
Lepidonote cirrata Orsted, 1843
(Subjective synonym)
Polynoe (Harmothoe) imbricata (Linnaeus, 1767)
(Objective synonym)
Polynoe complanata Quatrefages, 1866
(Subjective synonym)
Polynoe incerta Bobretzky, 1881
(Subjective synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Pelagic


• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Guiamarina - Photos Available at - http://guiamarina.com/gallery/main.php
  • Tampi, PRS and Rangarajan, K (1964) Some polychaetous Annelids from the Andaman waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 6(1) 98-123 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1007/1/Article_10.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-15

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