Alveopora catalai   Wells,  1968 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Poritidae

Description
Color: Pale tan when polyps are retracted. Extended polyps are amber or yellowish with white oral discs, sometimes with white tentacle tips.

Colonies are composed of gnarled branches that divide irregularly. They may form stands over 5 m across. Corallites are large, composed of an interlocking network of rods and spines. Polyps are large with knob-like tentacle tips.

Similar species: Alveopora gigas and Alveopora allingi.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Net Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)
Importance:  Commercial
(Species of this genus are attractive to the aquarium trade due to their physical appearance)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
IUCN Status:  Near Threatened

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Havelock Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 3 490 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2011) Animal discoveries 2010 Zoological Survey of India 1-107 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/right_menu/Animal_disc/Animal%20Discovery%202010.pdf
  • Arkive: Images of life on earth Available at - http://www.arkive.org/
  • Corals of the World online Available at - http://coral.aims.gov.au/
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/

Page last updated on:2013-04-17

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