Echinophyllia patula   (Hodgson and Ross)  1981 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Hexacorallia

Color: Usually grey-green, grey or brown.

Colonies are thin laminae, with widely spaced, irregular corallites. Corallites are immersed and have broad columellae. A large central corallite may be distinguishable. Costae are well developed and have exsert triangular teeth; there are deep pits where costae commence.

Similar species: Echinophyllia aspera, which has smallest, more exsert and more crowded corallites. Echinophyllia echinata has more irregular costae and a more prominent central corallite.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Flat Lettuce Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Fenner, D (2001) Reef Corals of Banggi Area Reefs, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 2 429 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at -
  • Reeflex Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -

Page last updated on:30-03-09

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